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1.3 Refraction of Waves

# 1.3 Refraction of Waves

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05/11/2014

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1.3 ANALYSING REFRACTION OF WAVESa) Refraction of water waves,b) Refraction of light waves,c) Refraction of sound waves.Introduction :
1. Refraction of waves ;- “ When a wave traveling in one medium crosses the boundary into amedium where its velocity is different, the transmitted wave may move ina different direction than the incident wave.”2. Effect of refraction of waves ;
a) Refraction of water waves :
1.“ when a water wave travelling from deep area to shallow area.”
Ripple tank
v, (velocity) will change after refraction.f, (frequency) same before and after refraction.
ג
, (wavelength) will change after refraction.

2

2. The characteristics of the refracted of water waves are as below ;
ג

ג
deep >
ג
shallowf same before and after refraction ( f = constant ),v v deep > v shallowDeep area Refractred near to normal line. (angle of i
0 )Shallow area Refracted far from normal line. ( i
0)f = constant f = v /
ג
v
1
/
ג

1
= v
2
/
ג
2
3. A pattern of refraction of water waves.
-
different types of transparent plate/perspecs plate.

3

b) Refraction of light waves :
1. “When a light wave travelling in one medium crosses the boundary into amedium with different density where it velocity is different.”2. v = at low density medium.3. v = at high density medium.4. Example of refraction of light wave ,
c) Refraction of sound waves :
1. Sound waves travel faster in warm air than in cool air.2. On a hot day :The hot surface of the earth causes the layer of air near the surface tobe warmer. This causes sound waves to be refracted away from theearth.On a cool night :The sound waves travel slower in the cooler layer of air near thesurface of the earth than in the upper, warmer air. As a result, thewaves are refracted towards the earth.3. This explains why sound can be heard over a longer distance on a coldnight compared with a hot day as illustrated as figure below.