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1.5 Interference

1.5 Interference

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: panitiafiziksmkb on Sep 16, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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CONTENT : INTERFERENCE OF WAVESCHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS (30 MINUTES)1. Inteference of waves is superposition effects produce by two waves from twocoherent point sources.( same frequency, same phase).2. These two different sources producing nodal lines (consisting of all the pointswith
destructive interference
) and anti nodal lines(consisting of all the pointswith
constructive interference
).(i) Constructive interference (ii) Destructive interferenceThe fenomena that two identical The cancellation of a wavewaves which are in phase ,come by another when two identicaltogether at a point to form a bigger waves which are out of phasewave. come together .ZeroMaximum crest Displacement3.Determination Of Wavelength Using Interference Pattern.
The principle of superposition
When two or more waves meet at the same point, thedisplacement of resulting wave is equal to the sum of the displacement of the individual waves.
Anti nodal line
NodallineAntinodalline
Nodal line
AntinodallineTrouhwavefrontPeakwavefrontxWave length of wave,
=
λ 
 Dax
 Where,a = separation between two sources(S
1
and S
2
) of similar wavex = separation between twoconsecutive antinodal lines ornodal linesD= distance from the source to theposition where x is measured.screenxD
 
x
+
=a
a2a
+=
aa
 
 2
4.Water waves light waves sound wavesInterferencepattern of 
a)
 
Constructiveinterference occursat the antinodepoint.Loud sound heard.b)
 
Destructiveinterference occursat the node point.Soft sound heard.a)
 
Constructiveinterfence occursat the antinodepoint.Bright fringesseenb)
 
Destructiveinterferenceoccurs at thenode point.Dark fringesseen.
 
 3
 ACTIVITIES (50 minutes)1. If two waves meet each other and are in phase, then they interfere to give a __________ amplitude. This is known as ______________.2. If two waves meet each other and are completely out in phase the theyinterfere to give a _____________ amplitude. This is known as ____________.3. State the principle of superposition in the context of interference of two similar waves. ________________________________________________________________  ________________________________________________________________ 4. In each wave superposition diagram below, draw the resultant displacement:(a)+ =(b) + =(c)+ =5. Describe the difference between constructive and destructive interference. ________________________________________________________________  ________________________________________________________________ 
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