Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
9Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
5.1 Radioactivity

5.1 Radioactivity

Ratings: (0)|Views: 274|Likes:
Published by panitiafiziksmkb

More info:

Published by: panitiafiziksmkb on Sep 16, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/11/2014

pdf

text

original

 
1
5.0 Radioactivity5.1 Understanding the nucleus of an atoma. Nucleus
1. Rutherford proposed in 1911, a nuclear model of the atom as shown inFigure 1 c, the atom has a very small dense core called the nucleus.2. All the positively charged particles and most of the mass of the atom arecontained in the nucleus. The electrons move in orbits around thenucleus.Figure 1: Various models of the atom
b. Nucleons
1. The particles in a nucleus are called nucleons. There are two types of nucleons,
protons
and neutrons. A proton is a positively charged particle.It carries a charge of 
+e,
where e = 1.6 x 10
-19
C.Figure 2: Geiger – Marsden’s experiment: Discovery of the nucleus2. The number of protons in a nucleus is known as the
proton number,
Z
.
3.
The nucleon number,
A
 
gives the total number of 
protons
and
neutrons
in a nucleus.
It is also known as the mass number.
 
2
4. The number of neutrons in a nucleus is A+Z
.
c. Nuclide and notation
7. Nuclide is a type of nucleus with a particular proton and nucleon number.8. The nuclide notation for an element X is
 A Z 
X.
d. Isotopes
1. Isotopes are atoms of an element which have the same proton number butdifferent nucleon numbers.
Example Questions:
What is the proton number?
Number of proton or atomic number 
What are the nucleons?
Protons and neutrons 
What is the mass number?
Total number of nucleons 
A neutral atoms consist of 17 electrons, 17 protons and 18 neutrons. Whatis its mass number?
17+18=35 
What is the nuclide?
A type of nucleus 
A helium nucleus with proton number 2 and nucleon number 4. Write thenuclide notation of helium.
42
He 
 
Questions:
1. A particular nuclide of tin has atomic number 50 and mass number 118.(a) How many electrons are there outside the nucleus in a neutral atomof tin?(b) How many neutrons are there in the nucleus?(c) How many protons are there in the nucleus?Suggest possible values for the atomic number and mass number of one
 
3
isotope of this tin nuclide.2.
23592
is an isotope of uranium.(a) What quantity is the same for the nuclei of all isotopes of uranium? [1](b) In each nucleus of 
23592
, how many(i) protons(ii) neutrons,are there? [2]3.
Sn
11250
is a stable isotope of tin.What information does the symbol
Sn
11250
give us about the isotope? [2]4. A chlorine atom, proton number 17, can gain an electron and become achlorine ion. A sodium atom, proton number 11, can lose an electron andbecome a sodium ion.(a) What is the sign of the charge on?(i) A chlorine ion,(ii) A sodium ion?Explain how you arrived at your answers. [3](b) How many electrons are contained in?(i) A chlorine ion,(ii) A sodium ion? [2]5. Atoms P and Q are isotopes. How does the composition of neutral atom Pcompare with neutral atom
Answers:
1. (a) Number of electrons = 50(b) Number of neutrons = 118 - 50 = 68(c) Number of protons = 50One isotope of this tin nuclide can have atomic number of 50 and massnumber of 119.2. (a) Atomic number (Proton number)(b) (i) Number of protons = Atomic number = 92(ii) Number of neutrons = Nucleon number - Atomic number = 235 – 92= 143

Activity (9)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
eileenwong93 liked this
laiseklee liked this
NURFARHANAHASSAN liked this
innovahitam liked this
aNNa_RaiHaN liked this
innovahitam liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->