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Lecture1 Protozoa Handout

Lecture1 Protozoa Handout

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Published by Dhaval
THis is the general information regarding the protozoa
THis is the general information regarding the protozoa

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Published by: Dhaval on Sep 16, 2009
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12/22/2012

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Clinical Parasitology
Tropical MedicineInternational Healthwww.medicine.mcgill.ca/tropmed
ParasitologyClinical parasitologyTropical DiseaseEpidemiologyInternational HealthMicrobiologyClinical microbiologyInfectious DiseaseEpidemiologyPublic Health
Institute of Parasitology, MacDonald CampusMcGill Centre for Tropical Disease, MGHDepartment of Microbiology, Lyman Duff International Health Office, Dept of Epidemiology
ProtozoaNematodeCestodeTrematode
KingdomAnimaliaSubkingdomProtozoaPhylumSarcomastigophoraPhylumApicomplexaPhylumCiliophoraPhylumMicrosporaSubkingdomMetazoaPhylum NematodaPhylumPlatyhelminthes
Taxonomy
 
INTESTINE
 Entamoeba histolyticaGiardia IsosporaCryptosporidiumCyclospora Strongyloides AscarisTrichuris
hookwormpinwormtapewormsintestinal flukes
SYSTEMIC
Toxoplasma
malariafilaria
Toxocara
hydatid cystscysticercosis
 Schistosoma
liver flukeslung flukes
Protozoa NematodesCestodesTrematodes
Intestinal protozoa
KingdomAnimaliaSubkingdomProtozoaPhylumSarcomastigophoraSubphylumSarcodinaEntamoebaSubphylumMastigophoraGiardiaPhylumApicomplexamalariaPhylumCiliophoraBalantidiumPhylumMicrosporamicrosporidium
TaxonomyProtozoa
..“eukaryote”..hasgenetic material encased ina nuclear membrane (unlike bacteria andviruses)..classified traditionally by morphology(eg. organelles of locomotion), lifecycle and mechanisms of reproduction etc.Mastigophora
: movement with flagella -e.g. Trichomonas,Giardia
Sarcodina
: pseudopodia, e.g. Entamoebahistolytica
Apicomplexa
: apical complex, no locomotorapparatus;sexual reproduction, e.g. cryptosporidium,malaria, toxoplasma
Ciliophora
: movement with cilia, e.g. Balantidium.
INTESTINAL PROTOZOA
Pathogenic
 Entamoeba histolytica Balantidium coliGiardia lamblia Dientamoeba fragilisCryptosporidium parvum Enterocytozoon bieneusiSeptata intestinalisCyclospora cayetanensis Isospora belli
Commensal
 Entamoeba hartmani Entamoeba dispar  Entamoeba coli Endolimax nana Iodamoeba bütschliiChilomastix mesniliTrichomonas hominis Blastocystis hominis
 
Trophozoite:any stage in a protozoan’slife cyclewhich can ingest food. In practice alsorefers to the motile form.Cyst:the non motile form which is protected bya distinct membrane or cyst well. This isan infective stage of the parasite.Excystation:the process of emergence of thetrophozoitefrom the cyst (vs.encystation)Pseudopod:literally means false foot; temporarycytoplasmicprocesses at the surface of the trophozoite
Intestinal protozoa
 Entamoeba histolytica
(amoebiasis)
Subphylum sarcodina
Entamoebahistolytica trophozoitewith ingested RBCs

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