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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

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Published by 87291472BG
Booklet from www.nimh.nih.gov dealing with and introducing bipolar disorder, as well advice and treatment thereof.
Booklet from www.nimh.nih.gov dealing with and introducing bipolar disorder, as well advice and treatment thereof.

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Published by: 87291472BG on Sep 16, 2009
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10/18/2012

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BipolarDisorder
D E P A R T M E N T O F H E A L T H A N D H U M A N S E R V I C E S P U B L I C H E A L T H S E R V I C E N A T I O N A L I N S T I T U T E S O F H E A L T H
National Institute
of Mental Health
 
ipolar disorder, alsoknown as manic-depressive illness,is a brain disorderthat causes unusualshifts in a person
s
mood, energy, and ability to function. Different fromthe normal ups and downs that everyone goes through,the symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. They canresult in damaged relationships, poor job or schoolperformance, and even suicide. But there is goodnews: bipolar disorder can be treated, and people withthis illness can lead full and productive lives.More than 2 million American adults,
1
or about1 percent of the population age 18 and older in any given year,
2
have bipolar disorder. Bipolar disordertypically develops in late adolescence or early adulthood.However, some people have their first symptoms during childhood, and some develop them late in life. It isoften not recognized as an illness, and people may suffer for years before it is properly diagnosed and
 
treated. Like diabetes or heart disease, bipolar disorder is along-term illness that must be carefully managed throughout aperson
s life.
“Manic-depression distorts moods and thoughts, incites dreadful  behaviors, destroys the basis of rational thought, and too often erodesthe desire and will to live. It is an illness that is biological in its origins, yet one that feels psychological in the experience of it; an illness that isunique in conferring advantage and pleasure, yet one that brings in itswake almost unendurable suffering and, not infrequently, suicide.“I am fortunate that I have not died from my illness, fortunate in having received the best medical care available, and fortunate in havingthe friends, colleagues, and family that I do.
Kay Redfield Jamison, Ph.D.,
 An Unquiet Mind
, 1995, p. 6.(Reprinted with permission from Alfred A. Knopf, a division of Random House, Inc.)
What Are the Symptoms ofBipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder causes dramatic mood swings
 
from overly 
 
high
 
 
and/or irritable to sad and hopeless, and then back again, often withperiods of normal mood in between. Severe changes in energy andbehavior go along with these changes in mood. The periods of highs and lows are called
episodes
of mania and depression.
Signs and symptoms of
 mania
(or a
 manic episode
) include:
 
 
Increased energy, activity, and restlessness
 
Excessively 
 
high,
 
overly good, euphoric mood
 
Extreme irritability 

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