International Project Consulting Dr. Ing. Elias Masri
2The needed compressed air for the
functioning of Mr. Platt‟s apparatus
was to be supplied if needed by allkind of conventional compressors or
by Taylor‟s type hydraulic air
compressors , as the one that wasbuilt inCobalt-Ontario in 1910 
and  and that supplied the mines of the Cobalt area with their neededcompressed air until 1981.
Said Taylor‟s type hydraulic air
compressor is an effective aircompressing apparatus where a hugequantity of air is compressed byflowing water of waterways at acondition to have a difference in
height in the waterway‟s bed in order
to be able to build effectively a waterdown-take pipe that communicateswith a first end of an undergroundtunnel which communicates at itssecond end with a water up-take tailpipe that discharges water back intothe bed of said waterway.Fig. 1 Cross-sectional view of Platt
The basic principle that is employed in Taylor‟s type hydraulic air compressors is essentially
the same as for all hydraulic air compressors. This basic principal consists of a stream of water to be allowed to fall in a vertical down-take pipe where air bubbles are entrained byfalling water on beginning of its down motion through a mixing head in order to form an air-water mix. The entrained air is then compressed by the weight of the down flowing water.Then, when the direction of flow changes suddenly to the horizontal and the velocity of saidflow is lessen, the air bubbles will be liberated then, and may be collected in a suitablecontainer or separating chamber from which compressed air will be carried out by a suitablepiping system (Fig. 2).