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AutoCAD 3D Notes

AutoCAD 3D Notes

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Published by ryanavincent
Companion notes to the ARCH 3252 lecture on September 16, 2009,
Companion notes to the ARCH 3252 lecture on September 16, 2009,

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Published by: ryanavincent on Sep 16, 2009
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05/13/2013

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Lecture Note 09162009
Extrude
Command entry: extrudeCurrent wire frame density: ISOLINES=4Select objects to extrude:Specify height of extrusion or [Direction
 
 /Path/Taper angle] <default>:
Specify adistance or enter
pIf you extrude a closed object, the result is a 3D solid. If you extrude an open object, theresult is a surface.You can select the objects to extrude before you start the command.The DELOBJsystem variable controls whether the object(s) and path (if selected) areautomatically deleted when the solid or surface is created or whether you are prompted todelete the object(s) and path.
 
Object SelectionSpecifies the objects to extrude. You can extrude the following objects and subobjects:
 
Lines
 
Arcs
 
Elliptical arcs
 
2D polylines
 
2D splines
 
Circles
 
Ellipses
 
2D solids
 
 
Traces
 
Regions
 
Planar 3D polylines
 
Planar 3D faces
 
Planar surfaces
 
Planar faces on solidsNote: You can select faces on solids by pressing and holding CTRL, and then selecting thesesubobjects.You cannot extrude objects contained within a block or polylines that have crossing or self-intersecting segments.If a selected polyline has width, the width is ignored and the polyline is extruded from thecenter of the polyline path. If a selected object has thickness, the thickness is ignored.Note : You can use CONVTOSOLIDto convert polylines and circles with thickness to solids.You can useCONVTOSURFACEto convert lines with thickness; arcs with thickness; andopen, zero-width polylines with thickness to surfaces.Height of ExtrusionExtrudes objects along the positive
Z
axis of the object's coordinate system if you enter apositive value. If you enter a negative value, the objects are extruded along the negative
Z
 axis. Objects do not have to be parallel to the same plane. If all the objects are on acommon plane, the objects are extruded in the direction of the normal of the plane.By default, planar objects are extruded in the direction of the object’s normal.Specify second point:
Specify a point
 DirectionSpecifies the length and direction of the extrusion with two points you specify.Specify start point of direction:
Specify a point
 Specify end point of direction:
Specify a point
 Path
 
Selects the extrusion path based on a specified object. The path is moved to the centroid of the profile. Then the profile of the selected object is extruded along the chosen path tocreate solids or surfaces.Select extrusion path:
Use an object selection method
 The following objects can be paths:
 
Lines
 
Circles
 
Arcs
 
Ellipses
 
Elliptical arcs
 
2D polylines
 
3D polylines
 
2D splines
 
3D splines
 
Edges of solids
 
Edges of surfaces
 
HelixesNote: You can select faces and edges on solids by pressing and holding CTRL, and thenselecting these subobjects.The path should not lie on the same plane as the object, nor should the path have areas of high curvature.The extruded solid starts from the plane of the object and maintains its orientation relativeto the path.If the path contains segments that are not tangent, the program extrudes the object alongeach segment and then miters the joint along the plane bisecting the angle formed by thesegments. If the path is closed, the object should lie on the miter plane. This allows thestart and end sections of the solid to match up. If the object is not on the miter plane, theobject is rotated until it is on the miter plane.

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