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US Army USAF Weapons Handling Manual

US Army USAF Weapons Handling Manual

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Published by: fotostrelok on Sep 17, 2009
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This publication is available digitally on the AFDPO WWW site at:
OPR:HQ AFSFC/SFWC(SMSgt Joel T. Layton)Certified by:HQ USAF/XOF(Brig Gen James M. Shamess)SupersedesAFMAN 31-229, 22 Apr 2003 Pages:48Distribution:FThis manual implements Air Force Policy Directive (AFPD) 31-2,
 Law Enforcement 
. It provides guid-ance on loading, clearing, and issue of USAF-owned firearms. It applies to military, civilian, and contract personnel as well as personnel from other US military services assigned or attached to Air Force units. Itreplaces some information formerly published in AFI 31-207,
 Arming and Use of Force by Air Force Per- sonnel.
Records Management.
Ensure all records created as a result of processes prescribed in this pub-lication are maintained in accordance with AFMAN 37-123,
Management of Records
and disposed of inaccordance with AFMAN 37-139,
 Records Disposition Schedule.
This document is substantially revised and must be completely reviewed.
 This revision incorporates interim change (IC) 2003-1, adds standardized handling procedures for the M4carbine
, the M249 automatic rifle
, the M240B machine gun
and the M24 rifle
now incorporates multiple 12-gauge shot-guns operating similarly.
adds the M1200 12-gauge shotgun. Blank Ammunition andExercise Safety procedures are added. Weapons Decontamination in a Nuclear, Biological, or ChemicalEnvironment are added. Previous guidance concerning the approval and use of Commer-cial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) clearing barrels is clarified and simplified. Finally, this revision providesoptional procedures for verification of authority to bear arms using the
AF Form 629,
 Small Arms Hand  Receipt 
AFMAN31-229 12 MAY 200431. General Guidelines.
All USAF military, civilian, and contract personnel will use the following stan-dardized handling procedures when armed with an USAF-owned weapon. HQ AFSFC/SFWC mustapprove any deviation to these procedures prior to implementation at the MAJCOM or unit level. Theclearing barrel attendant and the armorer must not engage in any other duties or functions during the period of weapons handling.
address specific loading andunloading/clearing procedures in detail for each weapon. You must follow these procedures during issueand turn-in. Upon relief and before turn-in, armed personnel must unload/clear weapons as outlined inhandling procedures for each weapon prior to storing the weapons in the armory. MAJCOMs mustapprove unit-developed, weapons handling procedures for weapons not addressed in this publication.1.1.
Designating Armorer and Clearing Barrel Attendant.
The unit commander, or designee, willensure only trained, responsible individuals perform duties of weapons armorer and clearing barrelattendant. Designate these positions in writing and document training. The unit commander, or desig-nee, must ensure these individuals are authorized to bear arms.1.2.
Weapons Handling Areas.
The weapons handling area is an area free from distractions and pro-vides a safe environment for weapons loading and clearing. This area is usually in close proximity tothe armory and contains one or more approved clearing barrels and “clearing zones”. During fielddeployments or post relief, the commander may designate an area, or areas for weapons handling(loading or clearing) when a clearing barrel is not available. Mark areas as outlined in this publication.1.3.
Clearing Zone.
The clearing zone is the space inside the “red lines” within the weapons han-dling area, immediately surrounding the clearing barrel. The clearing zone must have red lines on thefloor for easy identification (ropes or cones may be used in a field environment.) Only the clearing barrel attendant and the individual clearing his or her weapon should be within the clearing zone atany given time. All other persons waiting to enter the clearing zone must form a line outside the clear-ing zone.1.3.1. The red line identifying the clearing zone must be at least 4-inches wide. The line can be painted, taped, or incorporated into the floor tile pattern.1.3.2. The line identifying the front of the clearing zone must be at least 6 feet from the front of the clearing barrel.1.3.3. The clearing zone must be at least 6 feet wide (3 feet on either side of the clearing barrel’scenterline). If the clearing barrel is positioned against a wall, the clearing zone must extend to thewall.1.3.4. If the location of the clearing barrel permits movement behind the barrel, the clearing zonemust also extend at least 3 feet to the rear of the clearing barrel.1.4.
Armorer Responsibilities.
The armorer is responsible for:1.4.1. Verifying each individual’s authorization to draw a weapon or ammunition, or both.1.4.2. Ensuring each weapon is cleared before issue or turn-in.1.4.3. Issue all weapons butt first, muzzle elevated, slide or bolt to the rear, and on “
Exception outlined in
for the M24.1.4.4. Allow only one person at a time to approach the issue and turn-in area or window.

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