human resource planning is essential because of frequent labor turnoverwhich is unavoidable and even beneficial because it arises from factorswhich are socially and economically sound such as voluntary quits,discharges, marriage etc
In order to meet the needs of expansion programs hr/manpowerplanning is unavoidable.
The nature of the present workforce in relation to its changing needsalso necessitates the recruitment of new labor. To meet the challenge of new and changing technology and new techniques of production,existing employees need to be trained or new blood injected in anorganization.
manpower is also needed to identify the areas of surplus as well asshoratage of labor
THE OBJECTIVE OF HR/MANPOWER PLANNING
The objective of manpower planning is to maintain and improve theorganizations ability to achieve its goal by developing strategies that willcontribute its optimum contribution of human resources. Manpower planning isthe responsibility of both line and staff manager. The line management isresponsible to give estimate of manpower requirements and staff manager isresponsible to take actions on selection and recruitment in association withline manager who needs the man power.
BENEFITS OF MANPOWER PLANNING.
Less costs because management can anticipate imbalances before theybecome unmanageable and expensive
More tine is provided to locate the talent
Better opportunities exist to include women and minority groups infuture growth plans
Better planning of assignments to develop managers can be done.
Major and successful demands on local labor markets can be made
PROCESS OF MANPOWER PLANNING
It is a multi-step process as follows
Deciding goals and objectives
Estimating future organizational structure and manpower requirements
Auditing human resources
Planning job requirements and job descriptions
And developing human resource plan
In effect the main purpose is one of matching or fitting employee abilities toenterprise requirements, with an emphasis on future instead of presentarrangements. The ultimate mission or purpose is to relate future humanresources to future enterprise needs so as to maximize the future return oninvestment in human resources.
ESTIMATING THE FUTURE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE ORFORECASTING THE MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS.
The management must estimate the structure of the organization at a givenpoint of time. The number and type of employees needed have to bedetermined. Many environmental factors affect this determination. Theyinclude business forecasts, expansion, growth, design, structural changes,