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Cement Sector analysis-Microeconomic outlook

Cement Sector analysis-Microeconomic outlook

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Published by: mohit.almal on Sep 17, 2009
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ANALYSIS OF CEMENT INDUSTRY
PRAXIS BUSINESS SCHOOL Page 1[TYPE THE COMPANY NAME]
ANALYSIS OF CEMENTINDUSTRY
MOHIT ALMAL(BO8016)ATUL SABOO(B08005)
 
ANALYSIS OF CEMENT INDUSTRY
PRAXIS BUSINESS SCHOOL Page 2
Table of Contents
 
Industry Concentration: India and Infrastructure ............................................................................... 3Concentration Ratio....................................................................................................................... 3Herfindahl Index ................................................................................................................................ 4Formula ......................................................................................................................................... 4Cement Industry: an Overview .......................................................................................................... 6WORLD CEMENT PRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 6Environmental Analysis: Michael Porter Model.................................................................................. 8Industry Key points ............................................................................................................................ 9The Major Players............................................................................................................................ 10MARKET SHARE OF PLAYERS IN THE CEMENT INDUSTRY .............................................................. 10CAPACITY DISTRIBUTION BETWEEN DIFFERENT PLAYERS ............................................................. 11Concentration Ratio ........................................................................................................................ 12Herfindahl Index .............................................................................................................................. 13Interpretation of H index and Concentration ratio ........................................................................... 14Supply Position ................................................................................................................................ 15Demand position ............................................................................................................................. 16Sectoral demand for cement ....................................................................................................... 16Demand Drivers ........................................................................................................................... 16Demand over the years................................................................................................................ 19Forecast in Demand ..................................................................................................................... 19Various demand forecasts ........................................................................................................... 20Demand Supply overview ................................................................................................................ 21Latest Trends: Activities Witnessed in the Industry .......................................................................... 22Global Players.................................................................................................................................. 22Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As) ................................................................................................ 22Government Initiatives ................................................................................................................ 23Technological Advancements....................................................................................................... 23Current Scenario .......................................................................................................................... 23Export ............................................................................................................................................. 25Capacity and production of some major players in the Industry ....................................................... 26ANNEXURE 1A ................................................................................................................................. 29ANNEXURE 1B ................................................................................................................................. 31Bibliography .................................................................................................................................... 33
 
ANALYSIS OF CEMENT INDUSTRY
PRAXIS BUSINESS SCHOOL Page 3
Industry Concentration: India and Infrastructure
The concentration of firms in an industry is of interest to economists, business strategists, andgovernment agencies. Here, we discuss two commonly-used methods of measuring industryconcentration: the Concentration Ratio and the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index.
Concentration Ratio
In Economics the concentration ratio of an industry is used as an indicator of the relative size of firms in relation to the industry as a whole. This may also assist in determining the market form of the industry. One commonly used concentration ratio is the four-firm concentration ratio, whichconsists of the market share, as a percentage, of the four largest firms in the industry. In general, theN-firm concentration ratio is the percentage of market output generated by the N largest firms inthe industry.The concentration ratio has a fair amount of correlation to the Herfindahl index, another indicator of firm size.Some examples of the four-firm concentration ratio include:[citation needed]
 
Traditional agriculture: Less than 5%
 
Sheet metal: 9%
 
Asphalt paving: 15%
 
Typesetting: 16%
 
Publishing: 23%
 
Soap and detergents: 63%
 
Men's slacks: 75%
 
Aircraft: 79%
 
Greeting cards: 84%
 
Cigarettes: 99%Market forms can often be classified by their concentration ratio. Listed, in ascending firm size, theyare:
 
Perfect competition, with a very low concentration ratio,
 
Monopolistic competition, below 40% for the four-firm measurement,
 
Oligopoly, above 40% for the four-firm measurement, (Example automobile manufacturers)
 
Monopoly, with a near-100% four-firm measurement.

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