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Baehr v Lewin

Baehr v Lewin

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Published by: sarahdugg on Sep 18, 2009
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11/07/2012

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NiniaBaehrandGenoraDanceletal.v.JohnLewin
HawaiiSupremeCourt,1993In1991,theplaintiffcouples‐NiniaBaehrandGenoraDancel;TammyRodriguezandAntoinettePregil;PatLagonandJosephMelilio‐KiledalawsuitfordeclaratoryjudgmentthatHawaii’sMarriageLawunconstitutionallydeniedsame‐sexcouplesthesamerightstomarriageasdifferent‐sexcouples.DoesHawaii’sMarriageLaw,HawaiiRevisedStatutes572‐1,violatetheprivacyandequalprotectionclausesoftheHawaiiConstitution?Presumedunconstitutional‐remandedtocircuitcourt 
 J.Levinson,joinedbyC.J.Moon
Precedent&Framer’sIntent 
Lovingv.Virginia
“‘Thefreedomtomarryhaslongbeenrecognizedasoneofthevitalpersonalrightsessentialtotheorderlypursuitofhappinessbyfree[people.]’So‘fundamental’doestheUnitedStatesSupremeCourtconsidertheinstitutionofmarriagethatithasdeemedmarriagetobe‘oneofthe‘basiccivilrightsof[menandwomen].’’”(305)
Textual
,
StrictScrutiny,State’sInterest 
EqualProtectionClause(ofthestate)
TheHawaiiMarriageLaw,andLewinactingaccordingly,discrimatedagainsttheplaintiffcouplesbecauseoftheir“‘sex,’oneoftheclassiKicationsinthestateequalprotectionclausethattriggers‘strict’or(attheveryleast)‘intermediate’scrutiny.”TheHawaiiMarriageLawis,thus,presumedunconstitutionalunlessLewincanshowthat(a)thesexbasedclassiKicationofthestatuteisjustiKiedby“compellingstateinterests”and(b)thestatuteis“narrowlydrawntoavoidunnecessaryabridgementsoftheapplicantcouples’constitutionalrights.”(306)
Textual
EqualProtectionClause
“Onitsfaceandasapplied,[theLaw]deniessame‐sexcouplesaccesstothemaritalstatusanditsconcomitantrightsandbeneKits.”(306)
QuestionofFact 
Hormonalandgeneticbasisforhomosexualorientation
“Ifheterosexuality,homosexuality,bisexuality,andasexualityare‘biologicallyfated’thentheword‘sex’alsoincludesthesedifferences.”
SarahD
FactsQuestion(s) Answer(s)Reasons

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