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Product Design

Product Design

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Instituto Tecnol´ogico y de Estudios Superiores de MonterreyCampus Toluca
Product design:
techniques for robustness, reliability andoptimizationClass NotesDr. Jos´e Carlos Miranda V.
v. Fall 2004
Copyrightc
2004 Dr. Jos´e CarlosMiranda. Todos los derechos reservados.
Preface
It is widely recognized that to develop successful products, systems or services itis extremely important to follow a structured product development process. Al-though each company follows a process tailored to its specific needs, in general thestart of a product development process is the mission statement for the product.It identifies the target markets for the product, provides a basic functional descrip-tion of the product, and specifies the key business goals of the effort. The end of the development effort occurs when the product is launched and becomes availablefor purchase in the market place. The different activities that take place during theproduct development process can be grouped into five phases: Concept development,system-level design, detail design, testing and refinement, and production ramp-up.During the detailed design and the testing and refinement phases, product optimiza-tion, robustness and reliability becomes critical. As many powerful techniques haveappeared to make a product more optimal, robust and reliable, it is necessary toknow how they work and how can they be applied to design products that exceedcustomer expectations and minimize costs.The present notes have been prepared for the courses of Design Methodologies andProduct Design that I teach. Although these notes are far from complete and there-fore may contain many mistakes and inaccuracies, they evolve term after term andwith the help and suggestions of my students are continuously improved. Oncethese notes are mature, it is my desire to publish them to reach a wider audienceand receive further comments.If you have any feedback, suggestions or have detected any mistakes, or simply wouldlike to assist me or contribute in this effort, please do not hesitate to contact me. Iwill be very happy to hear from you.Jos´e Carlos MirandaResearch Center for Automotive Mechatronics
 jmiranda@itesm.mx
Copyrightc
2004 Dr. Jos´e CarlosMiranda. Todos los derechos reservados.
 
Part IThe product design process
Copyrightc
2004 Dr. Jos´e CarlosMiranda. Todos los derechos reservados.
CHAPTER
1
The Engineering Design Process1.1 Definition of design
The word
design 
has had different meanings over the last decades. Whilesometimes a designer is considered to be the person drafting at the drawingboard or in the computer, the word design really conveys a more engineeringand analytical sense. Design is much more than just drafting.Suh (1990) defines design as the creation of synthesized solutions in the formof products, processes or systems, that satisfy perceived needs through themapping between
functional requirements
and
design parameters
.In the scope of the previous definition, functional requirements (FRs) respondto the question of 
what 
a product must do or accomplish. On the other hand,design parameters(DPs) respond to the question of 
how 
the functional require-ments will be achieved. What relates the domain of functional requirements tothe domain of design parameters is design (see figure 1.1). It should be notedthat although design parameters should fulfill the functional requirements, themapping between them is not unique. For a set of functional requirementsmay be several design parameters that fulfill those functional requirements.Another, less technical, definition of design is the one promulgated by ABET(Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology):
Copyrightc
2004 Dr. Jos´e CarlosMiranda. Todos los derechos reservados.

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