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Published by: ccc5455 on Sep 19, 2009
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Tri-County Technical CollegeInformative Speech Outline Worksheet
: The sinking of the Titanic
General Purpose
: To inform
Specific Purpose
: At the end of my speech, the audience should know more about theevents that took place the night the Titanic sank to the bottom of the Atlantic, and theseries of mistakes that resulted in the deaths of 1,517 passengers
:“There fell upon the ear the most terrible noise that human beings ever listened to – thecries of hundreds of people struggling in the icy cold water, crying for help with a cry weknew could not be answered”These were the words spoken by Eva Hart, a survivor of the Titanic, in an interviewshown on the video documentary, Titanic: The Final Chapter, in 1993. Eva Hart watchedhelplessly from one of the lifeboats as the ship sank to the bottom of the Atlantic on April14, 1912.The tragic story of the Titanic is one that has fascinated the world and been the subject of numerous books and movies over the years. A legend even before she set sail, the Titanicwas not only the largest luxury ocean liner of its time, but was also so well constructedthat she was thought to be “unsinkable.”The night the Titanic sank, 1,517 of the 2,223 passengers aboard died. Because of thehigh casualty rate, the Titanic is considered one of the most deadly peacetime maritimedisasters in history. The cause of such a tragedy lies in the events that took place thenight the ship sank and the many mistakes that were made during the construction.(
): In the next few minutes, I hope to give you a better idea of the events thattook place the night the Titanic sank and the critical mistakes that were made that resultedin such a high casualty rate.I.ConstructionA.Designers1.The Titanic was a White Star Line ocean liner, built in Belfast, Ireland,at Harland and Wolff shipyards.2.The ship was designed by Lord William Pirrie, a director of White Star Line and Harland and Wolff, and Thomas Andrews, the chief designer anddirector of Harland and Wolff, under the direction of Bruce Ismay, themanaging director of the White Star Line.
3.Their goal was to build the three largest ship, most luxurious oceanliners in history, the Titanic being the second in a series of three ships partof the “Olympic Class” (Greaves 1).B.New Technologies1.Tons of money was spent on implementing the latest shipbuildingtechnologies of the time and the most advanced safety features designed toreduce risks.2.These new technologies led to an over confidence in the ships safety andan idea that the ship was “unsinkable.”3.Only 20 lifeboats were installed onto the ship instead of therecommended 48, which was enough to carry only 52% of the passengersonboard.4.The reasoning behind this decision was that the ship was constructed insuch a way that nothing could sink it and therefore lifeboats would only beneeded for the passengers of other ships.5.Furthermore, only one lifeboat drill was carried out by the crew beforethe Titanic set sail, and they were unprepared for the execution of thelifeboats on the night of the disaster.C.Amenities1.The bulk of the money invested into the Titanic went into the design of its interior.2.The first-class section of the ship was the largest and most luxurious andwas “tailored with the most opulent furnishings money could buy”(Greaves 3).3.It included such things as staircases for grand entrances, barbershops,masculine dens, a Turkish bath and swimming bath, a squash court, and agymnasium.4.The bedrooms had glass domes, silk fabrics, “gold-burnished” carvings,works of art, and rare woods (Geller 13).5.First-class passengers were made up of some of the wealthiest and most prominent people of the time.6.Second and third-class sections of the ship were also luxurious in their own ways, but were much smaller than the first-class.7.Second class passengers included doctors, teachers, and others of themiddle class.8.Third-class passengers were mainly the working class and immigrants,who considered the trip on the Titanic as an opportunity to come toAmerica.(transition): The Titanic was finished on May 31, 1911. By the time it was done beingconstructed, the individual safety of the passengers had been compromised. However,the Titanic was presented as one of the safest ships ever built. The passengers and crewwere very confident as the Titanic set sail on April 10, 1912 on her maiden voyage fromSouth Hampton, New England to New York. Little did they know what was to come…
II.The VoyageA.Collision with Iceberg1.The first four days of the journey were smooth sailing.2.Numerous messages were received over this time from other ships in theAtlantic warning of icebergs, but none were taken very seriously.3.During this point in the journey, the captain and officers of the Titanicwere aware that they were passing through an area in the North Atlanticknown as “Iceberg Alley,” as was reported by Jim Turnbull in an article in Naval Aviation News in 2001.4. On Sunday, April 14, 1912, the weather was cool and clear with nostorms in the horizon.5.Throughout the course of the day, the Titanic received a total of seveniceberg warnings.a)The first was from the Caronia at 9:00 a.m. b)At 1:30 p.m., the wireless room received a message from theBaltic that said that there had been ice spotted in the distance; thewarnings were shown to the captain and Bruce Ismay, who didn’tseem worried.c)Three other warnings were received throughout the day.d)Another message from the Californian was received at 7:30 p.m.,warning that there were large icebergs about fifty miles ahead.e)At 9.40 p.m., Cyril Evans of Californian sent another messagestating, “Have just passed heavy ice field and several icebergs.”Jack Phillips, the Titanic’s wireless operator, who was exhaustedafter the long day, snapped back with, “Keep out! Shut up! I'mworking Cape Race." At 11:35, Evans hung his headset up andturned in for the night. (Stacey 23).f)Of all seven messages, no one person saw all of the warnings,and the warnings that were received were disregarded.6.That night there was no wind or moon and the sky was full of stars. Thesea was calm and flat, and it was 30 degrees Fahrenheit. There was a fogover the ocean (Stacey 22).7.Fred Fleet and Reginald Lee were keeping watch over the crow’s nest.a)There were no binoculars for them to use, and they did not havea very good view of what was ahead. b)At 11.40 p.m., they saw something in the distance that was toosmall for them to recognize.c)When they realized it was an iceberg, they immediately rant theemergency bell three times and shouted, “Iceberg, right ahead”(Cox 71).8.Captain Smith had already gone to bed and in his place was RobertMurdoch, who received the call and ordered the engines to be stoppedimmediately and the watertight doors closed.

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