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Explanation of Hadeeth 12 in Forty Hadeeth of An Nawawee

Explanation of Hadeeth 12 in Forty Hadeeth of An Nawawee

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Published by Hassan Basarally
An explanation of the statement of the Prophet Muhammad, "Part of the perfection of Islam is a person leaving what does not concern him."
An explanation of the statement of the Prophet Muhammad, "Part of the perfection of Islam is a person leaving what does not concern him."

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Published by: Hassan Basarally on Jan 12, 2014
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Hassan Basarally 1120020 HAD402 1
Final Assignment Course Name: Hadeeth 2 Course Code: HAD 402 Instructor: Shaykh Salman Awan Student Details  Name: Hassan Basarally Student ID: 1120020 Batch: Semester: 4-Spring 2013 Assignment Question Compose an original essay, at least 750 words in length, on the topic of Hadith 12 in An-
 Nawawi’s collection.
 The hadith reads: On the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of A
llah (peace be upon him) said, “Part of the perfection of a person’s Islam is his leaving that which is of no concern to him.”
 A Hasan hadith. Recorded by al-Tirmidhee and others in that fashion. In addition to the course textbook and lecture session, you may use online and in-print sources of scholarly exegesis, Quranic verses, and other ahadith to illuminate your points. You may also use cultural, psychological, or social commentary if appropriate. Limit direct quotes whenever  possible, and be sure to thoroughly demonstrate your understanding of any direct quotes utilized.
 
Hassan Basarally 1120020 HAD402 2
The collection of Ahadeeth by Imam Nawawi contain many authentic statements of the Prophet,
لصيلعلس
, that require great contemplation and implementation in the life of a Muslim. One such Hadeeth is:
ِْَ
 
 
َ
 
َ
 
ُُَ
 
 
ِ ْَْا
 
ِَْإ
 
ِْُح
 
ْِ
 
Part of the perfection of a person’s Islam is his leaving that which is of no concern to him
.
The Hadeeth provides the framework for proper conduct in the community, it is an encouragement to perfect and improves ones practice of Islam, and it is a call to have proper  priorities and a warning against not guarding the tongue, a trait that causes many problems on an individual and societal level. One of the great benefits of the collection of Imam Nawawi is that the selection of Ahadeeth gives lessons on the development of the character of the Muslim in terms of belief and manners. Ibn Rajab quotes Ibn Abi Zaid Al Qairawani as saying that this is one of four Ahadeeth that frame the concept of good manners and conduct.
1
 The other Ahadeeth are:
ُِْؤُ
 
 
 
َنَ
 
ْََو
 
ْُْَِ
 
ْوَ
 
اًْ
 
 
َخ
 
ْُَ
 
 
ْَ
 
 
ف
 
ِِخْا
 
ِْَ
 
 
ْاَو
 
ِَِ
 
ُِْؤُ
 
 
 
َنَ
 
ْَِْَ
 
 
ْاَو
 
ِَ
 
ُَْ
 
 
َض
 
ْمِْُْَ
 
 
ف
 
ِِخْا
 
ِْَ
 
 
ْاَو
 
ِَِ
 
ُِْؤُ
 
 
 
َنَ
 
ْََو
 
ُهَرَج
 
ْمِْُْَ
 
 
ف
 
ِِخْا
 
Let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day speak good, or keep silent; and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour; and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his guest.
2
 
1
 Badi, Jamal Ahmed. Commentary of Forth Hadiths of An Nawawi. International Islamic University, Malaysia. 2002
2
 Narrated by Abu Hurairah, Collected in Saheeh Bukharee Vol. 8, Book 73, Hadith 47
 
Hassan Basarally 1120020 HAD402 3
اَ
 :
 َلَق
 
اًراَِ
 
َددََ
 
ف
 
ْَْَ
 
 
 
َ
 :
 َلَق
 .
 ِِصْوَ
 

 
و
 
ع
 
ا
 
ىص
 
ِِ
 
َلَق
 
ًُجَر
 
ْن
 
ْَْَ
 
 
 
A man said to the Prophet,
ىل يلعل
,
“Counsel me,” so he said, “Do not become angry.” The man repeated [his request for counsel] several times, and [each time] he
,
ىل ايلعل
,
said, “Do not become angry.”
3
 
ُ
 
َ
 
ِِخَِ
 
ِُ
 
َح
 
ْُُَحَ
 
ُِْؤُ
 
 
 
َِْَ
 
 
ِ
 
 
None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.
4
 
From these Ahadeeth one can glean that the hallmarks of good character of a Muslim are: 1. le
aving that which does not concern an individual
 2.
good speech
 3.
generosity toward neighbours and guests
 4.
not being overcome by anger and 5. loving for another Muslim what one loves for oneself. The Hadeeth affirms that Islam is of different levels. Iman is belief in the heart, statements of the tongue and actions of the limbs, it increases with obedience to Allah and decreases with disobedience. This is the benefit from the phrase:
ِَْإ
 
ِْُح
 
ْِ
 
Part of the perfection of a person’s Islam…
 
The Muslim
is encouraged here to strive to improve one’s level of Islam, never become complacent and
arrogant that one has attained the best state of Iman. This is a message promoted in another Hadeeth in
Imam Nawawi’s collection:
 
3
 Narrated by Abu Hurairah, Collected in Saheeh Bukharee Vol. 8, Book 73, Hadith 137
4
 Narrated by Anas ibn Malik, Collected in Saheeh Bukharee Vol. 1, Book 2, Hadith 13

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