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Think Soberly (Romans 12:3-8)

Think Soberly (Romans 12:3-8)

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Published by James Peet
Romans 12:3-8
Romans 12:3-8

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Published by: James Peet on Sep 19, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Think Soberly!
1
Introduction:1)
 
Romans 12 deals with the Christian life2)
 
Three main themes:a)
 
Consecration (12:1,2)b)
 
Humility (12:3-8)c)
 
Love (12:9-21)3)
 
Consecration is the Christian’s attitude towards God
 
present your bodies a living sacrifice,holy, acceptable to God
” (1)
 4)
 
Hum
ility is the Christian’s attitude towards self, “
For I say, through the grace given to me, toeveryone who is among you, not to think
of himself 
more highly than he ought to think, but to thinksoberly
” (3)
 5)
 
Love is the Christian’s attitude towards others –
 
Let 
love
be
 
without hypocrisy. …..
10
 
Be
kindlyaffectionate to one another with brotherly love, in honor giving preference to one another;
” (9
-10)Outline:1)
 
A Life of Consecration (12:1-2) (Last week)2)
 
A Life of Humility (12:3-8) (This week)a)
 
Think soberly (12:3)b)
 
Members of one another (12:4-5)
 c)
 
Use your gifts (12:6-8)
 3)
 
A Life of Brotherly Love (12:9-21) (Future message)Detail: A Life of Humility1.
 
Think soberly (12:3)a.
 
Text: “
For I say, through the grace given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think
of himself 
more highly than he ought to think, but to think soberly, as God has dealt to eachone a measure of faith.
 b.
 
Comments:i.
 
Question:1.
 
What do you think is the main verb in this sentence?2.
 
Answer “I say”
 3.
 
Verbs: (underlined above)a.
 
“grace given to me”
= participial phraseb.
 
“not to think highly” = infinitive
 c.
 
“to think” (twice in Greek) = infinitive
 d.
 
“has dealt” =
supportive explaining phrase
 
Think Soberly!
2
c.
 
Paul’s authority: “
I say, through the grace given to me
 d.
 
Addressees: “
to everyone who is among you
”:
 i.
 
To members the Roman church!ii.
 
To every member of the Roman church!iii.
 
Emphasis: covenant relationship of church members!e.
 
Three “thinks”:
not to think
of himself 
more highly (i) than he ought to think (ii), but tothink (iii) soberly
 i.
 
περφρον
ω: Hapax …. Compound “hyper” with “think” = “
to think more highly of one's self than is proper
 ii.
 
φρον
ω:
 1.
 
to have understanding, be wise
 2.
 
to direct one's mind to a thing, to seek, to strive for
 iii.
 
How I see this:
 1.
 
Don’t be conceited
2.
 
Think reasonably about one’s place in the body!
 3.
 
Think soberly (
ςωφρον
ω
)
 a.
 
“be of sound mind”
 b.
 
Titus 2:6, “Likewise, exhort the young men
to be sober-minded
 c.
 
1 Peter 4:7, “But the end of all things is at hand; therefore
beserious
and watchful in your prayers”
 f.
 
Language of Spiritual gifts! As the broader context is gifts in the body (12:6-8), Paul observes
that God is sovereign in these things: “as God
has dealt to each one a measure
of faith”. Key
works underlined!
 i.
 
Note: “to each one”!
 ii.
 
God has dealt:
 1.
 
μερ
ζω = “distributed, bestowed, imparted”
 2.
 
2 Cor 10:13 (has
the exact construct!):
But we will not boast of thingswithout our measure, but according to the measure (
μ
τρον
) of the rulewhich God hath distributed (
μερ
ζω
) to us, a measure (
μ
τρον
) to reacheven unto you
” (KJV)
 iii.
 
A measure of faith:
1.
 
μ
τρον = “
determined extent, portion measured off 
(CF English
metronomic
)
 
2.
 
See 2 Cor 10:13 above AND
 3.
 
Ephesians 4:7, “
But unto every one of us is given grace according to themeasure of the gift of Christ
 
 
Think Soberly!
3
2.
 
Members of one another (12:4-5)
 a.
 
Text: “
For as we have many members in one body, but all the members do not have thesame function,
5
so we,
being
many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of oneanother.
 
b.
 
Familiar Pauline language on Body life!
 i.
 
1 Corinthians 12:12-27
ii.
 
Ephesians 4:25, “
Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with hisneighbour: for we are members one of another.
 iii.
 
Ephesians 5:30, ‘
For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones
 c.
 
Key words / phrases:i.
 
Members (
μ
λοσ
)ii.
 
Body
(Christ’s body!)
(
ς
μα
)iii.
 
One another (
λλ
λων
) (speaks of mutuality and reciprocity!)d.
 
God designed us to:i.
 
Need each otherii.
 
Function togetheriii.
 
Serve each other3.
 
Use your gifts (12:6-8)
 a.
 
Text: “
Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us,
let us use them:
 if prophecy,
let us
 
 prophesy 
in proportion to our faith;
7
or ministry,
let us use it 
in
our 
 ministering; he who teaches, in teaching;
8
he who exhorts, in exhortation; he who gives,with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.
 b.
 
Comments:i.
 
Compare and contrast other gift’s passages:
 1.
 
I Corinthians 12-14a.
 
The church that abused gifts!b.
 
Sign gifts mentioned butc.
 
Sign gifts will pass awayd.
 
Need to exercise love (chapter 13)
e.
 
“Tongues” explained (chapter 14)
 2.
 
Ephesians 4:7-16
a.
 
Emphasis on “
to each one of us grace was given
 b.
 
Christ, the victor, the gifterc.
 
AND gifted men given to the church:
He Himself gave some
tobe
apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, and some pastorsand teachers
” (11)
 d.
 
Purpose of the gifted men:
or the equipping of the saints for thework of ministry
” (12)
 

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