Introduction 3 immediate opportunity and challenge is to transform
existing office and industrial corridor into transit-oriented, walkable neighborhoods around the three new Metrorail stations: Wiehle-Reston East, Reston Town Center and Herndon stations. Each transit area must have a balance of residents and jobs with enough amenities (restaurants, shops, and activities) to attract residents, employees, and businesses in a transit- and pedestrian-oriented setting. The Wiehle-Reston East Station is scheduled to open early in 2014, while the other two stations are projected to open in 2019. Going forward, Reston will remain a complete community in which people can live, work, and play. A growing and increasingly diverse residential population will continue to have broad choices in jobs, housing, and lifestyles. (See pages x
xx for full text of the adopted Vision and Principles) Development and redevelopment in Reston must be of the highest caliber in terms of town planning, architectural design, compatibility, green neighborhoods, energy conservation, preservation of natural resources, pedestrian connectivity, public art and livability. The Reston community embraces sustainability, reduction of its carbon footprint, and respect for the natural environment. Redeveloped areas will be designed as coherent and vibrant transit station neighborhoods, which fit into the larger Reston community. Placemaking to create vital destinations will be a key objective for the design and location of buildings, public spaces, retail amenities, art, parks, streets, sidewalks and bikeways, and other features that will contribute to a sense of place that draws people together. At least one community gathering plaza with retail amenities and public art will be located in the vicinity of each of the northern and southern station entrances in Reston. The recommendations of the Master Plan for Public Art in Reston should be implemented throughout the Phase 1 Study Area.
Reston supports a “complete streets” policy designed to serve a
ll users. Well-designed street, sidewalk, bike, and transit connectivity will mitigate traffic and enhance the trip experience for visitors, residents, and employees. Street design, including sidewalks, landscaping, lighting and amenities, will be shaped by the buildings and help define the public realm. Wide sidewalks with trees, pedestrian-oriented street lights, and street furniture will be provided along business streets and local streets. Streetscapes in Reston will achieve a consistent, high quality. High-quality open spaces, including plazas, parks, pathways, athletic spaces, gardens, and other non-vehicular spaces, are critical components of Reston. They provide opportunities for spontaneous interaction and programmed activities. A variety of large and small spaces open for public use will be available throughout the Reston community, including in the transit station areas. A large, central park or urban green will be created in the Town Center North area, and plazas and smaller parks will be needed elsewhere in the transit station areas. New parks and
open spaces should build upon and connect to Reston’s existing panoply of parks and open
spaces. Plazas in the transit station areas will serve as community gathering spaces. Individual developers will be required to contribute to achieving publicly-accessible open space and recreation opportunities within a reasonable distance of residents. A cohesive urban environment will be created with densities and retail and cultural attractions that maximize transit and pedestrian activity. The tallest buildings will generally be within a quarter mile of the Metro stations and removed from traditional residential