GENDER AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT – © OECD 2008
Sustainable development can only be achieved through long-terminvestments in economic, human and environmental capital. At present, thefemale half of the world’s human capital is undervalued and underutilisedthe world over. As a group, women – and their potential contributions toeconomic advances, social progress and environmental protection – havebeen marginalised. Better use of the world’s female population couldincrease economic growth, reduce poverty, enhance societal well-being, andhelp ensure sustainable development in all countries. Closing the gender gapdepends on enlightened government policies which take gender dimensionsinto account.This report is a contribution by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to the United Nations Commission onSustainable Development (UNCSD) and its cross-cutting work on gender. Itaims to increase understanding of the role of women in maintaining the threepillars – economic, social and environmental – of sustainable development.The report has been prepared by the OECD Horizontal Programme onSustainable Development and is based largely on OECD analyses. The datapertain primarily to the situation of women in OECD countries, but theinsights and policy implications are applicable to all countries. The reportillustrates how gender mainstreaming in statistics, studies and statutes canlead to more sustainable government policies and a better world economy.