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Web Designing in Tamil

Web Designing in Tamil

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Published by THIRU.M

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Published by: THIRU.M on Sep 19, 2009
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08/13/2010

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304
ð£ì 5õ¬ô õ®õ£è - æ ÜPºè
(Introduction To Web Design)
5.1 ÜPºè
(Introduction)
õ¬ô õ®õ£è
(Web Design)
ñÁ ªý¯ââ
(HTML-Hyper Text Markup Language)
ÝAòõ¬ø èÁªè£÷ «õ´ªñQ, ºîL àè èEªð£P, Þ¬íò¶ì¡ âõ£Á á죴Aø¶
(Intracts)
â¡ð¬î ¹K¶ªè£÷ «õ´. Þ¬íò â¡ð¶õ¬ôò¬ñ¹èO¡ õ¬ôò¬ñð£°. ¬ñò è´𣴠ⶾA¬ìò£¶. õ¬ôò¬ñH à÷ ܬù¶ èµèÀ
(nodes)
å¡Áªè£¡Á Gèó£ù¬õ. åªõ£¼ èµ¾ ªêFè¬÷ à¼õ£è¾ ÜÂð¾ ªðø¾ ÜFè£ó ªðø¬õ. õ¬ôò¬ñHâ° èEªð£Pè G¬ø¶÷ù. ¬õò MK õ¬ôJ
(WorldWide Web-WWW)
â° Ýõíè G¬øF¼ð¬î è£íô£.¬õò MK õ¬ô â¡ð«î ÝõíèO¡ ªî£°¹ Ý°. ¬õòMK õ¬ô ªð¼ð£½ õ¬ô
(Web)
â¡«ø ²¼èñ£è ܬöèð´Aø¶. Þ¬íòF
(Net)
Þ¬í¹è
(Connection)
â¡ð¶ èEªð£PèÀ° Þ¬ìJô£ù õìè¬÷
(Cables)
°PA¡ø¶. Ýù£,¬õò MK õ¬ôJ e¾¬ó ªî£´¹è«÷
(Hyper Iinks)
Þ¬í¹è÷£°. Þ¬íòF èEªð£PèÀ° Þ¬ì«ò îèõ ðKñ£øªê» Góè«÷ Þ¡¬øò õ¬ô¬ò
(Web)
ê£Fòñ£A»÷ù.Þ¬íòI¡P Þ¡¬øò õ¬ô A¬ìò£¶. õ¬ôò£ù¶ Þ¬íò¬îðòÂ÷î£A»÷¶. è£óí, ñè îèõè¬÷ ªðÁõFè£´ Ýõ«ñ Ý°.e¾¬ó Ýõí
(Hypertext Document)
Høî¶ 1991, ü¨¡ 12-Þ. Þ¬íòF ðA¶ ªè£÷ð´ e¾¬ó Ýõíèõ¬ô ðèè
(Web Pages)
â¡Á ܬöèð´A¡øù. õ¬ôðèè â¡ð¬õ, õ¬ô «ê¬õòèè
(Web Servers)
âùð´èEªð£PèO «êI¶ ¬õèð´ «è£¹è÷£°. õ¬ô«ê¬õòèèOL¼¶ õ¬ô ðèè¬÷ «õ® ªðÁA¡øèEªð£Pè õ¬ô ¸èMè
(Web Clients)
âùð´A¡øù. õ¬ô¸èMè, õ¬ô àô£M
(Web Browser)
â¡Â GóL¡ àîM»ì¡,õ¬ô ðèè¬÷ ð£¬õJ´A¡øù. õ¬ôðèè, e¾¬ó
 
305
°PJ´ ªñ£N
(Hyper Text Markup Language-HTML)
â¡Â ªñ£N¬òðò¡ð´F à¼õ£èð´A¡øù. e¾¬ó Ýõíè¬÷ ðKñ£Pªè£÷, Þ¬íò£ñ£ù¶, e¾¬ó ðKñ£ø ªïPº¬ø
(Hyper TextTransfer Protocol-HTTP)
â¡Â îèõ ªî£ì¹ ªïPº¬ø¬ò ðò¡ð´F ªè£Aø¶. å¼ ªêò𣴠âõ£Á G¬ø«õøð´â¡ðî° õNè£´ MFº¬ø«ò ªïPº¬ø
(Protocol)
âùð´Aø¶. Þ¡Â ¶Lòñ£è ªê£õªîQ, ªêFèO¡ õ®õ¬ñ¹è
(Message Formats),
ÜªêFè¬÷ Þó´ èEªð£Pè îñA¬ì«ò ðKñ£P ªè£÷ H¡ðø «õ®ò MFº¬øè ÝAòõP¡ º¬øò£ù MõK«ð ªïPº¬ø
(Protocol)
Ý°.e¾¬ó ÝõíèO¡ (õ¬ô ðèè) ܬñMì ºèõK,å¼Yó£ù õ÷ Þìè£®
(Uniform Resource Locator - URL)
â¡ÁÜPòð´Aø¶. õ¬ôðè â¡ð¶ ªð¼ð£½ à¬ó, õ¬óè¬ô,ðÖìè, Hø ðèèÀè£ù ªî£´¹è ÝAòõ¬ø à÷ìAò. ªý¯ââ ñÁ ªý¯¯d ÝAòõP¡ îóð£´è¬÷, ¬õò MK õ¬ô «ðó¬ñ¹
(WWW Consortium)
õ¬óòÁAø¶.îèõ¬ô à¼õ£è¾, Üî¬ù Þ¬íòF ð£¬õJì¾, ðóõô£è ãÁ ªè£÷ðì õ®õ¬ñð£è ªý¯ââ M÷°Aø¶.Þ¬íòF¡ îèõ¬ô ð£¬õJì Iè ªð£¶õ£è ðò¡ð´îð´ àô£Mè
(Browsers)
¬ñ«ó£ê£ç®¡ Þ¡ìªï âv¹«÷£ó ñÁ ªïv«è «ïM«èì ÝAò Þó´ñ£°.
5.2 e¾¬ó °PJ´ ªñ£NJ¡ àÁ¹è
(Elements of Hyper Text Markup Language)
å¼ e¾¬ó Ýõí¬î, âõ£Á õ®õ¬ñ¶ F¬óJè£ì«õ´ â¡ð¬î õ¬ô àô£M° àí¶ å´è¬÷
(Tags)
à÷ìAò«î e¾¬ó °PJ´ ªñ£Nò£°. ªý¯ââªñ£N¬ò ðò¡ð´F õ¬ôðèè à¼õ£èð´A¡øù.«ï£«ð´ «ð£¡ø æ âO¬ñò£ù à¬ó ªî£°H
(Text Editor)
Üô¶ Hó¡«ðx «ð£¡ø å¼ õ¬ôðè ªî£°H¬ò ðò¡ð´F õ¬ôðèè¬÷ à¼õ£è º®». ªý¯ââ å´è¬÷ ðò¡ð´F ªý¯ââ àÁ¹è õ¬óòÁèð´A¡øù.
â´¶è£´:
å¼ õ¬ôðèF¡ ªî£ìèF½ º®M½ Þìªðø«õ®ò å´è:
 
306
<html>..........................</html>
ªý¯ââ å´è â«ð£¶ «è£í ܬì¹ °PèÀ° ܬñèð´A¡øù. åªõ£¼ ªî£ìè å´ å¼ º®¹å¬ì ªè£®¼°. «ñèì â´¶è£®
<html>
â¡ð¶ªî£ìè å´.
</html>
â¡ð¶ º®¹ å´. Þì¶ «è£í ܬì¹°P° Ü´¶ å¼ º¡ê£¾«è£´ Þìªðø «õ´.Üîè´¶ ªî£ì¹¬ìò å®¡ ªðò Þìªðø «õ´.å´ ªðòè â¿¶ õ®õ àí¾ Üø¬õ. Üî£õ¶, CPòâ¿F, ªðKò â¿F, âð®» Þ¼èô£. Þî ËLCPò â¿¶è«÷ ðò¡ð´îð´÷ù.ªî£ìè, º®¹ å´èÀA¬ì«ò ÞìªðÁ à¬ó, àÁH¡ à÷ìè Ý°. Þî¬ù å´è º¬øð® ¬èò£÷«õ´.ñ£FK ªý¯ââ àÁ¹ 塬ø è£è:
<body>This is my first HTML document</body>
ªý¯ââ àÁð£ù ªî£ìè å´
<body>
â¡ðFªî£ìA, º®¹ å´
</body>
â¡ðF º®Aø¶. º¿ õ¬ôÝõíº ÞM¼ å´èÀ° ÜìAM´A¡ø¶.à¬ñJ å¼ õ¬ô ÝõíF Þó´ ð°Fè à÷ù:
®
î¬ô¹ ð°F
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àìð°Fî¬ô¹ ð°F,
<head>, </head>
â¡Â æ Þ¬í î¬ôå´è÷£ ܬìò£÷ è£íð´Aø¶. àìð°F,
<body>, </body>
â¡Â æ Þ¬í àì å´è÷£ ܬìò£÷ è£íð´Aø¶.å¼ ªý¯ââ «è£H âî ÞìF «õ´ñ£ù£½M÷辬ó Þìªðøô£.
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â¡ø å´ Íô M÷è

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