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Cathedral of Magdeburg

Cathedral of Magdeburg

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Published by tibi_pl2005
Magdeburg
Magdeburg

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Published by: tibi_pl2005 on Jan 14, 2014
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The Protestant 
Cathedral of Magdeburg
 (German:
 Magdeburger Dom
), officially called the
Cathedral of Saints Catherine and Maurice
 (German:
 Dom zu Magdeburg St.  Mauritius und Katharina
), is one of the oldest Gothic cathedrals in Germany. One of its steeples is 99.25 m (325 ft 7 in) tall, and the other is !!.9" m (33 ft # in), ma$in% it one of the tallest cathedrals in eastern Germany. The cathedral is li$e&ise the landmar$ of 'a%der%, the capital city of the
 of *a+ony-nhalt, and is also home to the %rae of /mperor Otto 0 the Great.The first chrch ilt in 937 at the location of the crrent cathedral &as an aey called *t. 'arice, dedicated to *aint 'arice. The crrent cathedral &as constrcted oer the  period of 3!! years startin% from 2!9, and the completion of the steeples too$ place only in 52!. 1espite ein% repeatedly looted, the athedral of 'a%der% is rich in art, ran%in% from anties to modern art.
Contents
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[edit] History
[edit] Previous building
Tom of Otto 0, 6oly oman /mperor.
 
The first chrch &as fonded *eptemer 2, 937 at the location of the crrent cathedral &as an aey called *t. 'arice (
St. Moritz 
), dedicated to *aint 'arice and financed y /mperor Otto 0 the Great. Otto &anted to demonstrate his political po&er after the sccessfl ;attle of echfeld in 955, and ordered the constrction een efore his coronation as /mperor on <erary 2, 92. <rthermore, to spport his claim as sccessor of the /mperor of the
Weströmisches Reich
, he otained a lar%e nmer of anties = for e+ample, pillars to e sed for the constrction of the chrch. 'any of those anties &ere sseently sed for the second chrch in 2!9. The chrch had most li$ely one nae &ith for aisles, a &idth of # meters and a len%th of "! meters. The hei%ht is estimated as p to ! meters.The &ife of Otto, >een /ditha, &as ried in the chrch after her death in 9#. The chrch &as e+panded in 955. 6ence, the chrch ecame a cathedral. 0n 9", /mperor Otto 0 selected 'a%der% as the seat of an archdiocese &ith -dalert on Trier as archishop, een tho%h the city &as not centrally located t at the eastern order of his $in%dom. 6e did this ecase he planned to e+pand his $in%dom, and also hristianity, to the east into &hat is no&adays *loa$ia. This plan, ho&eer, failed. /mperor Otto 0 died soon thereafter in 973 in 'emleen and &as also ried in the cathedral ne+t to his &ife.The entire cathedral *t. 'arice &as destroyed on Good <riday in 2!7 y a city fire. -ll  t the sothern &in% of the cloister   rned do&n. -rchishop -lrecht 00 on ?efernr% decided to pll do&n the remainin% &alls and constrct a completely ne& cathedral, a%ainst some opposition of the people in 'a%der%. Only the soth &all of the cloister is still standin%. The e+act location of the old chrch remained n$no&n for a lon% time, t the fondations &ere rediscoered in 'ay 2!!3, reealin% a ildin% "! m lon% and # m &ide. The old crypt has een e+caated and can e isited y the plic.The place in front of the cathedral (sometimes called @ne& mar$etplace@,
 Neuer Markt 
) &as occpied y an imperial palace (
 Kaiserpfalz 
), &hich &as destroyed in the fire of 2!7. The stones of the rin sered for ildin% the cathedral. The presmptie remains of the palace &ere e+caated in the 9!s.
[edit] Construction of the current building
*aint 'arice in 'a%der%.
 
Plan of the athedral of 'a%der%.-rchishop -lrecht 00 on ?efernr% decided to constrct a completely ne& cathedral. *ince -lrecht &as ery edcated for his time and stdied in <rance and 0taly, he $ne& aot the ne& Gothic architectre deeloped in <rance, t yet completely n$no&n in Germany. *seently he decided to ild the ne& cathedral in the modern <rench style. Aet the craftsmen did not $no& the style, and only slo&ly learned the %othic style. The constrction of the choir  started in 2!9, only t&o years after the fire that destroyed the preios chrch, t this choir is still in a ery omanese style, initially still sin% romanese %roin alts, comined &ith a %othic center stone, &hich ho&eer is not needed for omanese %roin alts.The Gothic inflence increased especially et&een 235 and 2! nder -rchishop Bilrand. -s the constrction &as sperised y different people in the span of 3!! years, many chan%es &ere made to the ori%inal plan, and the cathedral siCe e+panded %reatly. The people of 'a%der% &ere not al&ays happy &ith this, since they had to pay for the constrction. 0n some cases already constrcted &alls and pillars &ere torn do&n to sit the &ishes of the crrent sperisor.onstrction stopped after 27#. 0n 325, -rchishop ;rchard 000. on *chrapla &as $illed y the people of 'a%der% ecase of e+treme ta+es. <ol$lore says that especially the  eer  ta+ increase cased mch an%er. -fter&ards 'a%der% &as nder a  an, and only after the donation of fie atonement altars did the constrction of the cathedral contine nder -rchishop Otto on 6essen. Otto &as also ale to complete the interior constrction, and formally opened the dome in 33 in a &ee$lon% festial. -t this time the cathedral &as dedicated not only to *t 'arice as efore, t also to *aint atherine.0n 3! the constrction stopped a%ain after the ncompleted parts hae een coered  proisionally. Only in #77 did the constrction start a%ain nder -rchishop /rnst on *achsen, incldin% the t&o to&ers. The to&ers &ere constrcted y master ilder ;astian ;inder, the only master ilder of the cathedral $no&n y name. The constrction of the cathedral &as completed in 52! &ith the placement of the ornamental cross on the north to&er.
[edit] Luther, the Swedes, and Napoleon

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