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Quantum Theory Questions

Quantum Theory Questions

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Published by devender singh
Renowned chemistry education Expert
Prof.Devender singh
Renowned chemistry education Expert
Prof.Devender singh

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Published by: devender singh on Sep 20, 2009
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12/08/2012

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V I D Y A N C H A L
The Pioneer Academy for IIT-JEE / PMT Coaching
Page No. (
1
)
1. The equation E= h
 ν
was deduced by: (a) Heisenberg (b) de Broglie (c) Einstein (d) Planck 2. Millikan's oil drop experiment is used to find:(a) e/m ratio of electron (b) Electronic charge (c) Mass of an electron (d) Velocity of an electron3. The e/m for positive rays in comparison to cathode rays is:(a) Very low (b) High (c) Same (d) None4. Which has highest e/m ratio? (a) He
2+
(b) H
+
(c) He
+
(d) H5. The ratio of e/m, i. e., specific charge for a cathode ray:(a) Has the smallest value when the discharge tube is filled with H
2
(b) Is constant (c) Varies with the atomic number of gas in the discharge tube(d) Varies with the atomic number of an element forming the cathode6. The velocity of a photon is:(a) Independent of its wavelength (b) Depends on its wavelength(c) Depends on its source (d) Equal to square of its amplitude7. Which is not characteristics of Planck's quantum theory of radiation?(a) Radiation is associated with energy(b) Energy is not absorbed or emitted in whole number or multiples of quantum(c) The magnitude of energy associated with a quantum is proportional to the frequency(d) Radiation energy is neither emitted nor absorbed continuously but in small packets called quanta8. Light, a well known form of energy, is treated as a form of matter, by saying that it consists of:(a) Photons or bundles of energy (b) Electrons or a wave like matter(c) Neutrons, since electrically neutral (d) None of the above9. Which is not electromagnetic radiation? (a) Infrared rays (b) X-rays (c) Cathode rays (d) y-rays10.Which wave property is directly proportional to energy of electromagnetic radiation:(a) Velocity (b) Frequency (c) Wave number (d) All of these11. Cathode rays are produced when the pressure in the discharge tube is of the order of:(a) 76 cm of Hg (b) 10
-6
cm of Hg (c) 1 cm of Hg (d) 10
-2
to 10
-3
mm of Hg12. Positive rays or canal rays are:(a) Electromagnetic waves (b) A steam of positively charged gaseous ions(c) A stream of electrons (d) Neutrons13. Photoelectric effect is the phenomenon in which:(a) Photons come out of a metal when it is hit by a beam of electrons(b) Photons come out of the nucleus of an atom under the action of an electric field(c) Electrons come out of a metal with a constant velocity which depends on the frequency and intensity of incidentlight wave(d) Electrons come out of a metal with different velocities not greater than a certain value which depends only on thefrequency of the incident light wave and not on its intensity14. Einstein's theory of photoelectric effect is based on:(a) Newtons corpuscular theory of light (b) Huygen's wave theory of light(c) Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light (d) Planck's quantum theory of light15. In photoelectric effect, the photo-current:(a) Increases with increase of frequency of incident photon(b) Decreases with increase of frequency of incident photon ~(c) Does not depend on the frequency of photon but depends only on the intensity of incident light(d) Depends both on intensity and frequency of the incident photon16. In photoelectric effect the number of photo- electrons emitted is proportional to:(a) Intensity of incident beam (b) Frequency of incident beam(c) Velocity of incident beam (d) Work function of photo cathode17. Increase in the frequency of the incident radiations increases the:(a) Rate of emission of photo-electrons (b) Work function(c) Kinetic energy of photo-electrons (d) Threshold frequency18. Threshold wavelength depends upon:(a) Frequency of incident radiation (b) Velocity of electrons (c) Work function (d) None of the above19. The study of photoelectric effect is useful in understanding:(a) Conservation of energy (b) Quantization of charge(c) Conservation of charge (d) Conservation of kinetic energy20. The work-function for photoelectric effect:(a) Depends upon the frequency of incident light (b) Is same for all metals(c) Is different for different metals (d) None of the above21. Einstein's photoelectric equation states that E
=hv- W. In this equation, E
refers to:(a) Kinetic energy of all ejected electrons (b) Mean kinetic energy of emitted electrons
Concept by Devender singh india 9897888342
 
 
V I D Y A N C H A L
The Pioneer Academy for IIT-JEE / PMT Coaching
Page No. (
2
)
(c) Minimum kinetic energy of emitted electrons (d) Maximum kinetic energy of emitted electrons22. A photon is:(a) A quanta of light (or electromagnetic) energy (b) A quanta of matter(c) A positively charged particle (d) An instrument for measuring light intensity23. Photoelectric effect can be caused by:(a) Visible light but not by X-rays (b) Gamma-rays but not by X-rays(c) Ultraviolet light only (d) Visible light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays and gamma rays also24. If E
1
, E
2
and E
3
represent respectively the kinetic energies of an electron, an alpha particle and a proton eachhaving same de Broglie wavelength then: (a) E
1
>E
3
>E
2
(b) E
2
>E
3
>E
1
(c) £, > E
2
> E
3
(d) E
1
= E
2
= E
3
25. The best metal to be used for photoemission is:(a) Potassium (b) Sodium (c) Ceasium (d) Lithium26. A quanta will have more energy if:(a) The wavelength is larger(b) The frequency is higher(c) The amplitude is higher(d) The velocity is lower27. The minimum energy required to eject an electron from an atom is called:(a) Kinetic energy (b) Electrical energy (c) Chemical energy (d) Work function28. When light is directed at the metal surface, the emitted electrons:(a) Are called photons(b) Have random energies(c) Have energies that depend upon intensity of light(d) Have energies that depend upon the frequency of light29. The photoelectric effect occurs only when the incident light has more frequency than a certain minimum:(a) Frequency (b) Wavelength (c) Speed (d) Charge30. The Planck's constant has a unit of: (a) Work (b) Energy (c) Angular momentum (d) Linear momentum31. In photoelectric emission the energy of the emitted electrons is:(a) Larger than that of incident photon (b) Smaller than that of incident photon(c) Same as that of incident photon (d) Proportional to intensity of incident light32. When the frequency of light incident on a metallic plate is doubled, the KE of the emitted photoelectrons will be:(a) Doubled (b) Halved (c) Increased but more than doubled of the previous KE (d) Unchanged33. The energy of electromagnetic radiation depends on:(a) Amplitude and wavelength (b) Wavelength (c) Amplitude (d) Temperature of medium through which it passes34. The ratio of the energy of a photon of 2000 Å wavelength radiation to that of 4000 Å radiation is:(a) 1/4 (b) 1/2 (c) 2 (d) 435. The frequency of a green light is 6 x 10
14
Hz. Its wavelength is:(a) 500 nm(b) 5 nm (c)50,000nm (d) None of these36. The maximum wavelength of light that can excite an electron from first to third orbit of hydrogen atom is:(a) 487 nm (b) 170 nm (c) 103 nm (d) 17 nm37. The ratio of specific charge e/m of a proton to that of an
α
-particle is:(a) 1 : 4 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 1 : 1/4 (d) 1 : 1/238. The specific charge of a proton is 9.6 x 10
7
C kg
-1
, then for an
α
-particles it will be:(a) 2.4 x 10
7
Ckg
-1
(b) 4.8x 10
7
Ckg
-1
(c) 19.2 x 10
7
Ckg
-1
(d) 38.4 x 10
7
C Kg
-1
39. The rest mass of a photon of wavelength
is: (a) Zero (b) hc/
(c) h/c
(d) h/
40. The work function for a metal is 4 eV. To emit a photo electron of zero velocity from the surface of the metal, thewavelength of incident light should be: (a) 2700 Å (b) 1700 Å (c) 5900 Å (d) 3100 Å41. Ultraviolet light of 6.2 eV falls on aluminium surface (work function = 4.2 eV). The kinetic energy (in joule) of thefastest electron emitted is approximately: (a) 3 x 10
-21
(b) 3 x 10
-19
(c) 3 x 10
-17
(d) 3 x 10
-15
42. The threshold wavelength for photoelectric effect on sodium is 5000 Å. Its work function is:(a) 4 x 10
-19
J (b) 1 J (c) 2 x 10
-19
J (d) 3 x 10
-10 
J43. Photons of energy 6 eV are incidented on a potassium surface of work function 2.1 eV. What is the stoppingpotential?(a) -6V (b) -2.1V (c) -3.9V (d) -8.1V44. Suppose 10
-17
J of light energy is needed by the interior of human eye to see an object. The photons of green light(
= 550 nm) needed to see the object are: (a) 27 (b) 28 (c) 29 (d) 3045. A photon of 300 nm is absorbed by a gas and then reemits two photons. One reemitted photon has wavelength496 nm, the wavelength of second reemitted photon is:(a) 757 (b) 857 (c) 957 (d) 65746. An atom emits energy equal to 4x 10
-12
erg. To which part of electromagnetic spectrum it belongs:(a) UV region (b) Visible region (c) IR region (d) Microwave region47. The energy
E corresponding to intense yellow line of sodium of 
=589 nm is:(a) 2.10 eV (b) 43. 37 eV (c) 47.12 eV (d) 2.11 kcal48. The momentum of a photon of frequency 5 x 10
17
s
-1
is nearly:(a) 1.1 x 10
-24
kg ms
-1
(b) 3.33 x 10
-43
kg ms
-1
(c) 2.27 x 10
-40
kg ms
-1
(d) 2.27 x 10
-38
kg ms
-1
Concept by Devender singh india 9897888342
 
 
V I D Y A N C H A L
The Pioneer Academy for IIT-JEE / PMT Coaching
Page No. (
3
)
49. When a gold sheet is bombarded by a beam of 
α
-particles, only a few of them get deflectedwhereas most go straight, undeflected. This is because(a) the force of attraction exerted on the
α
-particles by the oppositely charged electrons is notsufficient(b) a nucleus has a much smaller volume than that of an atom(c) the force of repulsion acting on the fast-moving a-particles is very small(d) the neutrons in the nucleus do not have any effect on the
α
-particles50. In which of the following is the radius of the first orbit minimum?(a) A hydrogen atom (b) A tritium atom (c) Triply ionized beryllium (d) Doubly ionized helium51. From the
α
-particle scattering experiment, Rutherford concluded that(a)
α
-particles can come within a distance of the order of 10
-14
m of the nucleus(b) the radius of the nucleus is less than 10
-14
m(c) scattering follows Coulomb's law(d) the positively charged parts of the atom move with extremely high velocities52. Rutherford's scattering formula fails for very small scattering angles because(a) the full nuclear charge of the target atom is partially screened by its electron(b) the impact parameter between the
α
-particle source and the nucleus of the target is very largecompared to the size of the nucleus(c) the kinetic energy of the
α
-particles is large (d) the gold foil is very thin53. Choose the correct statements.(a) Every object emits radiation whose predominant frequency depends on its temperature.(b) The quantum energy of a wave is proportional to its frequency.(c) Photons are quanta of light.(d) The value of the Planck constant depends on energy.
54. Calculate the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in
8035
Br.55. Find out the atomic number, mass number, number of protons, electrons and neutrons present in the elementwith the notation
23892
U.56. The number of electrons, protons and neutrons in a species are equal to 18, 16 and 16 respectively. Assign theproper symbol to the species.57. Neutrons can be found in all atomic nuclei except in one case. Which is this atomic nucleus and what does itconsist of?58. How many nucleons are present in an atom of Nobelium,
254102
No? How many electrons are present in the atom?How many nucleons may be considered as neutrons?59. Complete the following table:60. Calculate (a) wave number and (b) frequency of yellow radiations having Wavelength of 5800 Å.61. Calculate the frequency of infrared radiations having wavelength, 3 x 10
6
nm.62. Calculate the range of frequencies of visible light from 3800–7600 Å.63. How long would it take a radiowave of frequency, 6 x 10
3
sec
-1
to travel from Mars to the Earth, a distance of 8 x10
7
km?64. Calculate the wave number of radiations having a frequency of 4 x 10
14
Hz.65. The Vividh Bharati station of All India Radio, Delhi broadcasts at a frequency of 1368 kHz (kilohertz). Calculate thewavelength of the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the transmitter. Which part of the electromagnetic spectrumdoes it belong to?66. The wavelength range of the visible spectrum extends from violet (400 nm) to red (750 nm). Express thesewavelengths in frequencies (Hz) (1 nm = 10
-9
m)67. Calculate (a) wave number (b) frequency of yellow radiation having wavelength of 5800 Å.68. Calculate the kinetic energy of the electron ejected when yellow light of frequency 5.2 x 10
14
sec
-1
falls on thesurface of potassium metal. Threshold frequency of potassium is 5 x 10
14
sec
-1
.69. Calculate the energy of a mole of photons of radiations whose frequency is 5 x 10
14
Hz?70. Which has a higher energy: a photon of red light with a wavelength of 7500 Å or a photon of green light with awavelength of 5250 Å?71. In the ultraviolet region of the atomic spectrum of hydrogen, a line is obtained at 1026 Å Calculate the energy of photon of this wavelength (h = 6.626 x 10
-34
J-sec).72. In the infrared region of the atomic spectrum of hydrogen, a line is obtained at 3802 cm
-1
. Calculate the energy of this photon (h = 6.626 X 10
-34
J sec).
Concept by Devender singh india 9897888342

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