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zimbra os admin guide

zimbra os admin guide

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Zimbra\u2122 Collaboration Suite
Administrator\u2019s Guide
Release 5.0
Open Source Edition
Rev 7 November 2008
Legal Notices
Copyright Zimbra, Inc. 2005-2008. All rights reserved. The Zimbra logo and logo types are trademarks of
Zimbra, Inc.
No part of this document may be reproduced, in whole or in part, without the express written permission
of Zimbra Inc.
Trademark and Licensing
MySQL is a registered trademark of MySQL AB in the United States, the European Union and other

countries.
OpenLDAP is a registered trademark of the OpenLDAP Foundation.
Postfix is copyright \u00a9 1999 International Business Machines Corporation and others and it was created

by Wietse Venema <wietse@porcupiine.org>.
SpamAssassin is a trademark of Deersoft, Inc.
This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/).
All other marks are the property of their respective owners.
Building Better Products within the Open Source Community
Zimbra Collaboration Suite leverages many great technologies from the open source community:
MySQL, OpenLDAP, Postfix, SpamAssassin, and Apache. Zimbra believes that great products come
from contributing to and leveraging open source technologies. We are thankful for the great contributions
that led to the creation of MySQL, OpenLDAP, Postfix, SpamAssassin, and Apache software.

Zimbra, Inc.
701 First Avenue
Sunnyvale, California 94089 USA
408.349.8000
www.Zimbra.com

ZCS 5.0 first released 12/31/2007
Rev 7 ZCS 5.0.11 ---116208
Zimbra Collaboration Suite
1
Table of Contents
Chapter 1Introduction. . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . 7

Intended Audience. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Available Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Support for Recommended Third-Party Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Support and Contact Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Chapter 2Product Overview. . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . 9

Core Functionality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Zimbra Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
System Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Zimbra Packages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Zimbra System Directory Tree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Example of a Typical Multi-Server Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Chapter 3Zimbra Mailbox Server. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. 19

Incoming Mail Routing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Disk Layout. .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . 19 Message Store. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Data Store. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . 20 Index Store. .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . 20 Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Chapter 4Zimbra Directory Service. . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. 23

Directory Services Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
LDAP Hierarchy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
ZCS Schema. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Account Authentication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Internal Authentication Mechanism. .. . .. . . . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . 26
External LDAP and External Active Directory Authentication Mechanism 26
Custom Authentication - zimbraCustomAuth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Kerberos5 Authentication Mechanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
ZCS Objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Company Directory/GAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Flushing LDAP Cache. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Skins and Locales. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . 34
Accounts, COS, Domains, and Servers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Global Configuration. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . 34

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