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The Reported Speech 3

The Reported Speech 3

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Published by Claudio

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Published by: Claudio on Sep 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/17/2010

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The Reported Speech 3
Some verbs express in a more concise and specific way the expressive communicativefunction of the Reported Speech:Alcuni verbi esprimono in modo più conciso e preciso la funzione comunicativa delDiscorso Indiretto:
a.
 
invite
(invitare),
forbid
(proibire a qlc.),
remind
(ricordare a qlc.),
advise
(consigliare),
ask
(chiedere):
Verb + object + infinitive
 “Would you like to go to the cinema?” Dave
invited me to go
to the cinema.
P.S.
 Other verbs using this structure are: Altri verbi che usano questa struttura sono:
tell
(dire, with the meaning of ordinare),
force
(costringere, obbligare),
enable
(permettere a qlc di fare), teach (insegnare),
order
(ordinare),
warn
(avvisare)
persuade
(persuadere, convincere),
recommend
(raccomandare),
encourage
(incoraggiare),
allow
(permettere),
permit
(permettere).
b.
 
refuse
(rifiutarsi di),
promise
(promettere),
offer
(offrirsi), to
threaten
(minacciare):
Verb + infinitive
 “I won’t go. It’s always so boring there.He
refused to go
. “I’ll help you if you want.She
offered to help
.
c. reply
o
answer
(rispondere),
add
(aggiungere),
explain
(spiegare),
agree
(essere d’accordo),
state
(affermare, dichiarare),
complain
(lamentarsi),
say
,
tell
(dire),
claim
(dichiarare),
announce
(annunciare),
think
(pensare):
Verb + (that) + sentence
 “I’m innocent.” He
stated (that)
he was innocent. “Yes, you’re right.” He
agreed (that)
I was right.
d. suggest
(proporre, suggerire),
admit
(ammettere),
deny
(negare):
1. Verb + verb in -ing
When the subject of the main verb is also the subject in the subordinate.Quando il soggetto del verbo introduttivo è lo stesso del verbo del Reported Speech. “I didn’t take your pen.She
denied taking
my pen. “Why don’t we go to the disco?” She
suggested going
to the disco.
1
 
2. Verb + (that) + sentence
When the subject of the main verb is not the same as the one in the subordinate.Quando il soggetto del verbo introduttivo non è lo stesso del verbo del ReportedSpeech. “No, the mobile phone isn’t mine.She
denied (that)
the mobile was hers. “Why don’t you have a holiday?” She
suggested (that)
I had a holiday.
e.Verbs with prepositions:Verbi con preposizione:1. apologize for
(scusarsi):
Verb + for + verb in -ing
 “I’m sorry I’m late.He
apologized for being
late.
2. blame someone for
(incolpare qualcuno)
Verb + obj + for + verb in -ing
 “It’s your fault we arrived late.Dave
blamed his girlfriend for arriving
late.
3. accuse someone of 
(accusare qualcuno:
Verb + obj + of + verb in -ing
 “ you broke my sunglasses!” David
accused Li zof breaking
his sunglasse.
4.
 
discourage someone from
(scoraggiare qualcuno):
Verb + obj + of + verb in -ing
I wouldn’t tell him, if I were you. He
discouraged me from telling
him.
5. congratulate someone on
(congraturasi con qlc):
Verb + obj + of + verb in -ing
  “Congratulations on passing the exam. She
congratulated me on passing
theexam.
*Interactive Exercises
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