Need for Gita
As Arjuna surveyed his opponent just before the war, he noticed countlessrelatives, gurus and friends on the opposite side. He realized that only bykilling them would he regain his lost kingdom. Being a sAtvika with piousqualities, Arjuna felt repulsed by the thought of killing his loved ones. He feltthat to kill them would be a sin, and in his anguish, he laid down his bow andarrow and refused to fight. He asked Sri Krishna to advise him of what coursewould be good for him. Krishna, the well wisher of the whole universe, took pity on the confused and grief-stricken Arjuna, and unveiled the Gita to himand directed Arjuna to go ahead with the war which was his duty as a kshatriya.So the Gita is a
, given to clear our confusion about various aspects of life and to direct us to perform our duties. It is absolutely relevant to each oneof us in this modern world. It does not talk about something abstract.
It is forus, about us, and about Brahman.
Gist of the Gita
of the saint Yamunacharya (also known asAlavandaar) gives the gist of Gita in one verse.
svadharma jnAna vairAgya sAdhya bhakti ekagocaraH |narayanaH param brahma gIta sAstre samIritaH ||
One who performs his prescribed duty, with full knowledge of himself and hismaster, devoid of desire, reaches the stage of practice of bhakti-yoga. By bhakti-yoga one can please Narayana and reach HIM. So our objective should be to reach and serve our master, and the means to achieve this goal is bhakti-yoga. Narayana, the Supreme Lord, is the One whom we have to reach. Allthese -- the nature of the objective, the nature of the means, and the the goal,i.e., Narayana, His nature and His qualities are explained in the Bhagavad Gita.
The Gita is divided in three sections of six chapters each
. The firstsix chapters deal with karma-yoga and jnAna-yoga, which are required for realising the jivatma, the individual self. After realising the jivatma, one goes torealise his master, the Paramatma or Supreme Self. Once he knows thegreatness of the Paramatma, he naturally wishes to reach Him. The second sixchapters deals with the unparalleled mastery of Krishna, who is the Paramatma,and bhakti-yoga, which is to be practiced to reach Lord Krishna. The last sixrecapitulate and again explain the atma, Paramatma and the three yogas, addingwhatever was left unsaid in the first 12 chapters. So the three
lead us tosuccessive steps in liberation,
. All together, there are 18 chapters which