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Our Solar System Moon

Our Solar System Moon

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Published by Donnette Davis
A Mini Activity book Focusing on a specific area of the Solar System. The information contained in this book will cover an entire lesson, and so is suitable as teaching material. Ideal for homeschooling. This book is about the moon.
A Mini Activity book Focusing on a specific area of the Solar System. The information contained in this book will cover an entire lesson, and so is suitable as teaching material. Ideal for homeschooling. This book is about the moon.

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Published by: Donnette Davis on Sep 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/12/2013

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Moon
Compiled by Donnette E Daviswww.staidenshomeschool.com
 
Our Solar SystemSt Aiden’s Homeschool © 2009 ~ All Rights Reserved Donnette E Davis
51
The Moon
What is the moon's surface like?
Moon Facts
 
 
When we look at the Moonfrom Earth, we always seethe same side. Until Luna 3sent back photos in 1959,no-one knew what the otherside looked like.
 
The Moon is nearly twice asbig as the planet Pluto.
 
The "Man in the Moon" isn'talways seen as a man.People from India see an oldwoman with a spinningwheel. People from Mexicosee a rabbit!
 
The Moon is not that smallcompared to the Earth.Sometimes the Earth andMoon together are called a
binary 
or
double planet system
.
How big is the moon?
Comparison of the size of the Moonand the EarthMost of the planets in the Solar System are much bigger than their moons, but the Earth and the Moonare much closer in size. The Moon is just under 3,500 kilometres (km) wideand the Earth is about 12,600 (km).That's only about one third of the sizeof the Earth as you can see in thepicture below. Because of this, theEarth and Moon together aresometimes called a
binary
or 
doubleplanet system
.
 Astronaut Harrison Schmitt collecting rocks from the Moon during the Apollo XVII mission.
 
Our Solar SystemSt Aiden’s Homeschool © 2009 ~ All Rights Reserved Donnette E Davis
52
The Moon does not have any atmosphere. It also doesn't have any liquid water on its surface. During the day it becomes very hot, but at night it is icy cold. Aperson visiting the Moon needs an air supply and a special suit.The Moon has many
craters
on its surface. The largest one is called the
SouthPole-Aitken Basin
and is roughly 2500 km across.We think nearly all the craters on moons or planets were made by huge rockshitting them a long time ago. They are called
impacts.
 Some of the craters on the Moon look as if they have rays coming out of them.These rays are rocks thrown across the Moon by the impacts that made thecraters. Some of the craters around the bottom of the Moon may have ice inthem.There are also darker areas called
maria
(said "MARR-ee-ah"). These are largepools of lava that cooled a long time ago. Most maria are on the side of theMoon we see from Earth. The lighter areas on the Moon are highlands.
How long is the Moon's revolution?
The Moon takes just over 27 Earth days to
 rotate
(rotate means spin around)once.
How long is a year on the moon?
The Moon also takes just over 27 days to
orbit
(move around) the Earth. This iswhy we always see the same side of the Moon when we look from the Earth. Wecall this side the
near 
side. The other side we call the
far 
side. In 1959 a probesent back pictures of the far side. That was the first time anyone saw what itlooked like.
What is the moon made of?
The surface of the Moon is made of rocks and dust. The outer layer of the Moonis called the
crust
. The crust is about 70 km thick on the near side and 100 kmthick on the far side. It is thinner under the maria and thicker under the highlands.There may be more maria on the near side because the crust is thinner. It waseasier for lava to rise up to the surface.We think the Moon has a small
core
(centre) about 300 km across. The core iscomposed of solid iron. Because the core is solid, the moon does not have itsown magnetic field.

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