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Our Solar System Sun

Our Solar System Sun

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Published by Donnette Davis
A Mini Activity book Focusing on a specific area of the Solar System. The information contained in this book will cover an entire lesson, and so is suitable as teaching material. Ideal for homeschooling. This book is about the sun.
A Mini Activity book Focusing on a specific area of the Solar System. The information contained in this book will cover an entire lesson, and so is suitable as teaching material. Ideal for homeschooling. This book is about the sun.

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Published by: Donnette Davis on Sep 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/19/2011

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The Sun
Compiled by Donnette E Daviswww.staidenshomeschool.com
 
Our Solar SystemSt Aiden’s Homeschool © 2009 ~ All Rights Reserved Donnette E Davis
15
The Sun
Sun Facts
 
Never look directly at the Sun
 
 
If you looked at the Sun in a telescope,you could go blind.
 
The Sun is 150,000,000 km (93 millionmiles) away from Earth.
 
The Sun's light takes 8 minutes toreach us on Earth. That means that if the Sun blew up, we wouldn't see itblow up until 8 minutes later!
 
The temperature of the Sun's lightdecreases as it travels farther.
 
Every second, the Sun turns over 4million metric tons of gas into energy.That's 881,849,000,000 pounds!
 
The Sun is as wide as 109 Earths.
 
The Sun is so hot that a piece of it thesize of a pinhead could kill someone160 km (100 miles) away.
The Sun is a star—the closestone to Earth. It is a large ball ofvery hot gas. The air webreathe and the Helium in aballoon are both gases. It isover 5,500 °C at the surface,and much hotter at the center,about 15 million °C. The Sun ismade of mostly hydrogen(70%) and helium (28%). It turnsmuch hydrogen into heliumevery second, thus creatingheat and light.The Sun makes light and heatthat warms the surface of theEarth and allows plants togrow. We can get food fromplants, and we can burn woodand other parts of plants tocook, warm our houses, andmake cars go. Without the Sunthere would be no life on Earth.
Some people from long ago thought of the Sunas a god. They did not want the god to beangry with them. To keep the Sun happy, theyoffered it gifts such as gold and food.
 
 
Our Solar SystemSt Aiden’s Homeschool © 2009 ~ All Rights Reserved Donnette E Davis
16
The Sun is ouThe Sun is ouThe Sun is ouThe Sun is our closest star. It is a member of the Milkyr closest star. It is a member of the Milkyr closest star. It is a member of the Milkyr closest star. It is a member of the MilkyWay galaxy. The Sun is a yellow dwarf star, whichWay galaxy. The Sun is a yellow dwarf star, whichWay galaxy. The Sun is a yellow dwarf star, whichWay galaxy. The Sun is a yellow dwarf star, whichmeans it is a medium size star. It is believed to be overmeans it is a medium size star. It is believed to be overmeans it is a medium size star. It is believed to be overmeans it is a medium size star. It is believed to be over4 billion years old. The Sun spins slowly on its axis as it4 billion years old. The Sun spins slowly on its axis as it4 billion years old. The Sun spins slowly on its axis as it4 billion years old. The Sun spins slowly on its axis as itrevolves around the galaxy.revolves around the galaxy.revolves around the galaxy.revolves around the galaxy.TheTheTheThe centrecentrecentrecentre, or, or, or, or core, of the Sun is very hot. A processcore, of the Sun is very hot. A processcore, of the Sun is very hot. A processcore, of the Sun is very hot. A processcalled "nuclear fusion" takes place there. Nuclear fusioncalled "nuclear fusion" takes place there. Nuclear fusioncalled "nuclear fusion" takes place there. Nuclear fusioncalled "nuclear fusion" takes place there. Nuclear fusionproduces a lot of energy. Some of this energy travelsproduces a lot of energy. Some of this energy travelsproduces a lot of energy. Some of this energy travelsproduces a lot of energy. Some of this energy travelsout into space as heat and light. Some of it arrives atout into space as heat and light. Some of it arrives atout into space as heat and light. Some of it arrives atout into space as heat and light. Some of it arrives atEarth! Streams of gas particles known as the solEarth! Streams of gas particles known as the solEarth! Streams of gas particles known as the solEarth! Streams of gas particles known as the solar windar windar windar windalso flow out from the Sun.also flow out from the Sun.also flow out from the Sun.also flow out from the Sun.On the Sun's surface, we can see storms. We call theseOn the Sun's surface, we can see storms. We call theseOn the Sun's surface, we can see storms. We call theseOn the Sun's surface, we can see storms. We call thesestorms "sunspots" because they look like dark spots onstorms "sunspots" because they look like dark spots onstorms "sunspots" because they look like dark spots onstorms "sunspots" because they look like dark spots onthe Sun's surface. The Sun also produces big explosionsthe Sun's surface. The Sun also produces big explosionsthe Sun's surface. The Sun also produces big explosionsthe Sun's surface. The Sun also produces big explosionsof energy called solar flares. These flares shoot fastof energy called solar flares. These flares shoot fastof energy called solar flares. These flares shoot fastof energy called solar flares. These flares shoot fastmoving particles off the Sun's surface. These particlesmoving particles off the Sun's surface. These particlesmoving particles off the Sun's surface. These particlesmoving particles off the Sun's surface. These particlescan hit the Earth's atmosphere and cause a glow calledcan hit the Earth's atmosphere and cause a glow calledcan hit the Earth's atmosphere and cause a glow calledcan hit the Earth's atmosphere and cause a glow calledan aurora.an aurora.an aurora.an aurora.
Q:
A Question
 
A sunspot is a _________?
 
1.
 
solar flare2.
 
vacation spot3.
 
Sun storm
A:
3) Sun storm. A sunspot is aspecial type of storm on theSun's surface.
 

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