E le c tr ic
P o w e r
Here the 10-ft, impeller described belowhas been mounted for belt drive. Noteposition of jackshaft on the baseboard.
OUR vacation cottage or outlying farmbuildings can be lighted by electricityeven though you may be far from a powerline. The wind will gladly do this job foryou—if you know how to harness it. Theunit described will turn the trick for youwith little manual effort and even lessmonetary expense.Most people think of gales and hurri-canes when the wind is mentioned as asource of power. Nothing could be moremisleading, because there is vast energyeven from a gentle breeze.Anyone with ordinary mechanical skillcan build this machine. And cutting the im-peller blades will teach you more practicalaerodynamics than you could dig out of an armful of books. (If the term
confuses you, a propeller driven by thewind becomes an impeller.)Without digging too deeply into theory,it is well to know a little about the giantwhich we are about to harness. It is seldomrealized that the force which the wind ex-erts is composed of two distinct parts: apressure and a suction. Thus a sailboatwhich seems to be pushed along by thewind is actually deriving most of its pro-pulsion from the suction on the lee sideof the sail. A roof in the path of a galeis lifted up, not pushed down. Conse-quently, the blades of the impeller mustbe so shaped that this suction force can aidthem in turning.For the baseboard get a piece of oak orsimilar hardwood, 5-1/2 in wide, 50 in longand 1-1/4 in thick. Draw a centerline on thewide face of the board and do your layoutfrom this guide. From a point 9 in. fromthe head and down to the end of the boardthe sides are tapered down to a final widthof
in.Drill a 3/4-in hole 26 in. from the taperedend and saw a 1/2-in slot to meet this hole.This slot is for the tail vane. For 'the gen-erator cradle a piece of wood 6 in. longand 1-1/4 in thick is fastened to the full endwidth of the baseboard. Shape the cradleto match contour of generator used.The tail vane is a piece of exterior-gradeplywood 30 in. long, 20 in. wide and 1/2 in.thick with the leading edge rounded andthe trailing edge notched as shown.The commutator (or collector rings) usedto connect the swinging generator with feed
wires is essential [continued on next page]