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 1
History 183Z U.S. Military History
History 183, Summer 2014 Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday, 9:00–12:45 Professor: Andy Buchanan Email: Andrew.Buchanan@uvm.edu Office: Wheeler 312, phone: 656-5850 Office hours: By appointment
Objectives and Assigned Reading
The course will review the place of war in the development of America from the early 17th century to the end of the Vietnam War. In particular we will examine the relationship between war and decisive developments in American history, from the earliest European settlement of the New World, through the Revolutionary and Civil Wars and the emergence of the United States as a world power at the end of the nineteenth century, to the consolidation of American hegemony following World War Two. We will also discuss the evolving relationship between the armed forces and American society as a whole. While we will study battles and campaigns, this study will be situated in the context of the broader social, political, economic, and diplomatic aspects of American history. The course will also provide an outline of some of the main aspects of military theory, including the work of Carl von Clausewitz and Alfred Thayer Mahan. Course reading will involve the study and discussion of both primary and secondary sources, and will include recent scholarly articles as well as the required texts listed below. Articles will be posted on the
Blackboard
 academic website. Classroom work will include class discussion based on assigned readings as well as lectures, and participation in discussion will contribute to your overall grade. Reading the assigned texts
before
 class will be critical to your ability to participate fully in class discussion. The following books are required reading:
 
John Whiteclay Chambers and G. Kurt Piehler (eds),
 Major Problems in American  Military History,
 Houghton Mifflin, 1999, ISBN-10: 0-669-33538-X
 
Russell Weigley,
The American Way of War 
, Indiana University Press, 1977, ISBN-10: 0-253-28029-X
 
 2
Organization of the Course and Grading
Over the course of the term, you will write
one
 2,500-word
term paper.
You can choose
either
 to answer one of the questions on the list below
or
 to write on any topic pertaining to American Military History and agreed between you and the instructor. This essay will account for 60% of your final grade. Term papers are due on Wednesday June 11. The course is organized to encourage classroom discussion, and your participation in these discussions, based on demonstrating familiarity with the assigned reading, will account for 40% of your final grade. Your overall course grade will consist of the following elements: Attendance: See policy below Essay 60% Participation in class discussion: 40%
Attendance and Academic Policy:
 
Students are required to attend all scheduled classes. Students may be excused absence from class for medical, athletic, or religious reasons, and, if possible, should discuss this with me beforehand. Students have the right to practice the religion of their choice, and should give me a schedule of religious holidays that they will be observing by the end of the second full week of term. Unexcused absences will result in your final grade being lowered by one point for each absence. In all your written work, you should use proper citations (footnotes) whenever you quote directly from another author or use statistics or other supporting material. We will review how to make citations in class. The university considers plagiarism—copying someone else’s words without attributing them—to be a serious breach of academic integrity. University policy regarding academic discipline and academic honesty can be found in the
Cat’s Tale Student Handbook.
 
 3
Calendar
Tuesday May 20 Introductions and Overview of Course. Discussion: Big Questions in American Military History
Break
Wars of Dispossession Against Native America Reading:
Wayne E. Lee, “Peace Chiefs and Blood Revenge: Patterns of Restraint in Native American Warfare, 1500–1800,”
The Journal of Military  History,
 Vol. 71 No. 3, July 2007, available on Blackboard
 Major Problems,
Chapter 1, document 1, pages 2–6.
  Major Problems,
Chapter 2, documents 1-5, pages 39–46.
Wednesday May 21 The Wars for Empire in North America and the Origins of the American Revolution, 1662–1775
Break
Strategies of Attrition and Partisan War: How the Revolutionary War was Won Reading:
 American Way of War:
Chapters 1 and 2.
 Major Problems,
Document 2, page 68. Williamson Murray, “The American Revolution: Hybrid War in America’s Past,” in Williamson Murray and Peter R. Mansoor,
 Hybrid Warfare
, (Cambridge: CUP, 2012), available on Blackboard.
Thursday May 22 The Face of Battle—the Saratoga Campaign, 1777
Break
The New Nation and Its Armed Forces, 1783-1805 Reading:
David Nolan, “Legacy of Controversy: Gates, Schuyler, and Arnold at Saratoga,”
 Military Affairs,
 Vol. 37, No. 2, (Apr. 1973). Available on Blackboard
  American Way of War:
Chapter 3.
 Major Problems:
Chapter 4, documents 1-3, pp. 96–102.

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