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Lecture Notes

# Lecture Notes

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02/04/2013

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Lecture Notes
Fundamentals of Control Engineering
Instructor:
Tang Bingxin
1

Introduction to the Course
Credits:
2
Prerequisite knowledge and/or skills
:
Basic ability to use differential equations to model dynamic systems
Some exposure to methods of manipulating differential equations
Previous use of a procedural programming language such as Matlab or "C"
Course Description:
Aims

To introduce the topic of control engineering and to present methods of modeling and of analyzing the stability,transient and steady state performances of control systems in both the time and frequency domains.
Learning Outcomes

After completing this module you will be able to:1. analyze a feedback control system to determine its stability, steady-state accuracy and transientperformance2. apply root-locus, Nyquist diagrams to control systems
3.
design simple proportional, proportional plus derivative and velocity feedback compensators to achievespecified performance
2

Syllabus
Control Systems
is concerned with the development of techniques for modeling linear dynamicsystems with feedback and analyzing their performance and stability. The topics to be included are as follows:
Introduction
:

Definition of feedback control system; A brief history;Several examples: Appetite control, flush toilet, DC servo motor speed control;Open- and closed-loop control systems;Computer controlled systems.
Mathematical modeling
.
Differential and algebraic equations (DAEs);Laplace transformation and transfer Functions;Block diagram and its manipulation;Closed-loop transfer functions;Signal-Flow Graph and Mason’s Direct Rule.Introduction to Matlab/Simulink
Time response analysis.

Typical input signals and specifications
Evaluation of system response
: poles and zeros and system response; the characteristic equation;first-order system responses and specifications;
Second order system responses
: general second-order system; natural frequency; damping ratio;Transient performance specifications for second-order systems.
Stability
: the Hurwitz criterion; the Routh-Hurwitz criterion;
: steady-state errors for unity-gain feedback systems; static error constant anderror type; specifications of steady-state errors;
3