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Algebra Cheat Sheet Ratings:

4.92

(1)|Views: 64,834|Likes: 209Published by Dino

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/200303/Algebra-Cheat-Sheet

05/08/2014

text

original

©

2005 Paul Dawkins

Algebra Cheat Sheet

Basic Properties & Facts

Arithmetic Operations

( )

,0

b abab ac a b c ac caa a acbbc bc bca c ad bc a c ad bcb d bd b d bd a b b a a b a bc d d c c c caab ac ad bb c aca bcd

æ ö+ = + =ç ÷è øæ öç ÷è ø= =æ öç ÷è ø+ -+ = - =- - += = +- -æ öç ÷+è ø= + ¹ =æ öç ÷è ø

Exponent Properties

( )

( )

( )

( )

11

0

11, 011

nmm m

nn m n m n mm m nmn nmnnnn nnn nn nn nnnnn

aa a a aa aa a a aa aab a bb ba aa aa b ba a ab a a

+ -----

= = == = ¹æ ö= =ç ÷è ø= =æ ö æ ö= = = =ç ÷ ç ÷è ø è ø

Properties of Radicals

1

,if is odd,if is even

n

n n n nnmn nmnnn nn n

a a ab a ba aa abba a n

a a n

= == ===

Properties of Inequalities

If thenandIf and 0 then andIf and 0 then and

a b a c b c a c b ca ba b c ac bcc ca ba b c ac bcc c

< + < + - < -< > < << < > >

Properties of Absolute Value

if 0if 0

a aaa a

³ì=í- <î

0Triangle Inequality

a a aaaab a bb ba b a b

³ - == =+ £ +

Distance Formula

If

( )

111

,

P x y

=

and

( )

222

,

P x y

=

are two points the distance between them is

( ) ( ) ( )

22122121

,

d P P x x y y

= - + -

Complex Numbers

( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )( )( )( )( )

22222

2

11,0Complex ModulusComplex Conjugate

i i a i a aa bi c di a c b d ia bi c di a c b d ia bi c di ac bd ad bc ia bi a bi a ba bi a ba bi a bia bi a bi a bi

= - = - - = ³+ + + = + + ++ - + = - + -+ + = - + ++ - = ++ = ++ = -+ + = +

©

2005 Paul Dawkins

Logarithms and Log Properties

Definition

log is equivalent to

yb

y x x b

= =

Example

35

log1253 because 5125

= =

Special Logarithms

10

lnlognatural logloglogcommon log

e

x x x x

==

where 2.718281828

e

=

K

Logarithm Properties

( )

( )

log

log1log10logloglogloglogloglogloglog

b

b b x xbr b bb b bb b b

bb x b x x r x xy x y x x y y

= == === +æ ö= -ç ÷è ø

The domain of log

b

x

is 0

x

>

Factoring and Solving

Factoring Formulas

( )( )( )( )( ) ( )( )

222222222

22

x a x a x a x ax a x a x ax a x a x a b x ab x a x b

- = + -+ + = +- + = -+ + + = + +

( )( )( )

( )

( )

( )

332233322333223322

3333

x ax a x a x a x ax a x a x a x a x a x ax a x a x a x ax a

+ + + = +- + - = -+ = + - +- = - + +

( )( )

22

n n n n n n

x a x a x a

- = - +

If

n

is odd then,

( )

( )

( )

( )

12112231

n n n n nn nn n n n

x a x a x ax a x a x a x ax a x a

- - -- - - -

- = - + + ++= + - + - +

LL

Quadratic Formula

Solve

2

0

ax bx c

+ + =

, 0

a

¹

2

42

b b ac xa

- ± -=

If

2

40

b ac

- >

- Two real unequal solns.If

2

40

b ac

- =

- Repeated real solution.If

2

40

b ac

- <

- Two complex solutions.

Square Root Property

If

2

x p

=

then

x p

= ±

Absolute Value Equations/Inequalities

If

b

is a positive number or or

p b p b p b p b b p b p b p b p b

= Þ = - =< Þ - < <> Þ < - >

Completing the Square

Solve

2

26100

x x

- - =

(1) Divide by the coefficient of the

2

x

2

350

x x

- - =

(2) Move the constant to the other side.

2

35

x x

- =

(3) Take half the coefficient of

x

, squareit and add it to both sides

222

339293552244

x x

æ ö æ ö- + - = + - = + =ç ÷ ç ÷è ø è ø

(4) Factor the left side

2

32924

x

æ ö- =ç ÷è ø

(5) Use Square Root Property32929242

x

- = ± = ±

(6) Solve for

x

32922

x

= ±

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