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Trig Cheat Sheet

# Trig Cheat Sheet

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08/01/2013

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2005 Paul Dawkins
Trig Cheat Sheet
Definition of the Trig Functions

Right triangle definition
For this definition we assume that02
π θ
< <
or 090
θ
° < < °
.oppositesinhypotenuse
θ
=
hypotenusecscopposite
θ
=
θ
=
θ
=
θ
=
θ
=

Unit circle definition
For this definition
θ
is any angle.sin1
y y
θ
= =
1csc
y
θ
=
cos1
x x
θ
= =
1sec
x
θ
=
tan
y x
θ
=
cot
x y
θ
=
Facts and Properties
Domain
The domain is all the values of
θ
thatcan be plugged into the function.sin
θ
,
θ
can be any anglecos
θ
,
θ
can be any angle
tan
θ
,1,0,1,2,2
n n
θ π
+ = ± ±
csc
θ
,,0,1,2,
n n
θ π
= ± ±
sec
θ
,1,0,1,2,2
n n
θ π
+ = ± ±

cot
θ
,,0,1,2,
n n
θ π
= ± ±

Range
The range is all possible values to getout of the function.
1sin1
θ
csc1andcsc1
θ θ
≤ −
1cos1
θ
sec1andsec1
θ θ
≤ −
tan
θ
cot
θ

Period
The period of a function is the number,
, such that
( ) ( )
f T f
θ θ
+ =
. So, if
ω
is a fixed number and
θ
is any angle wehave the following periods.
( )
sin
ωθ
2
π ω
=
( )
cos
ωθ
2
π ω
=
( )
tan
ωθ

π ω
=

( )
csc
ωθ
2
π ω
=
( )
sec
ωθ
2
π ω
=
( )
cot
ωθ

π ω
=

θ
x y
)
,
x y
θ
x y
1
2005 Paul Dawkins
Formulas and Identities
Tangent and Cotangent Identities
sincostancotcossin
θ θ θ θ θ θ
= =

Reciprocal Identities
11cscsinsincsc11seccoscossec11cottantancot
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ
= == == =

Pythagorean Identities

222222
sincos1tan1sec1cotcsc
θ θ θ θ θ θ
+ =+ =+ =

Even/Odd Formulas

( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
sinsincsccsccoscossecsectantancotcot
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ
= = = == =

Periodic Formulas
If
n
is an integer.
( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
sin2sincsc2csccos2cossec2sectantancotcot
n nn nn n
θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ θ π θ
+ = + =+ = + =+ = + =
Double Angle Formulas

( )( )( )
22222
sin22sincoscos2cossin2cos112sin2tantan21tan
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ
== = = =

If
x
is an angle in degrees and
t x t x x
π π π
= = =
Half Angle Formulas

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )( )
222
1sin1cos221cos1cos221cos2tan1cos2
θ θ θ θ θ θ θ
= = +=+

Sum and Difference Formulas

( )( )( )
sinsincoscossincoscoscossinsintantantan1tantan
α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β
± = ±± =±± =

Product to Sum Formulas

( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
1sinsincoscos21coscoscoscos21sincossinsin21cossinsinsin2
α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β
= − += + += + + −= + − −
Sum to Product Formulas
sinsin2sincos22sinsin2cossin22coscos2coscos22coscos2sinsin22
α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β α β
+ + =+ =+ + =+ = −
Cofunction Formulas

sincoscossin22cscsecseccsc22tancotcottan22
π π θ θ θ θ π π θ θ θ θ π π θ θ θ θ
= == == =