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Underground Parking

Underground Parking



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Published by Rohan R. Rao

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Published by: Rohan R. Rao on Jul 18, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Underground parking baysIntroduction:
Encouraging initiatives and positive implementation of the proposed BMC plans will help to assuage parking problems in thecity, says Rohan R. Rao. The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has proposeddevelopment of underground parking bays in an attempt to solve theparking predicaments existent in the city. The proposed plan is likely tobe approved by the governing body and the seemingly improbableendeavour of better managing the parking facilities might transpireinto fruitful efforts. Today, the city roads are trafficked by roughly 11 lakh vehicles.Improving economy and standard of living is seeing a rise in number of two wheelers and four wheelers in the city. According to an IIT report,when no new road space has been provided, 1,10,000 new cars areadded to Mumbai roads every year. In adequate parking space hasalways been a vicissitude for Mumbai.Statistics suggests that there are over 15 lakh cars on Mumbai’s roads,but common parking space for only 8,000, thanks to the 100-odd pay-and-park areas across the city. The city’s vehicular density of 591vehicles per square metre as compared to 163 in New Delhi and theinternational average vehicular density of 300 are a bit too much forthe existing infrastructure to cope with. Not surprisingly, this leads tocrises and congestion on a daily basis.Mr. J. M. Pathak, BMC Commissioner, says, “Mumbai has 150 plots, 68in the city, 67 in the western suburbs and 15 in the eastern suburbs,reserved for public parking. They collectively admeasure 4-lakh squaremetres. By allowing developers to construct amenities on a portion of the plot, twenty more parking lots in private possession have beendeveloped using accommodation reservation. However it is observedthat these are not enough to park 8 lakh-odd cars that take to the cityroads daily. So an underground parking system has been proposedwhich will be an ideal solution to the parking problems in the city andsince it is underground, it does not amount to usage of available land,which is already a scarce resource.”Parking is a problem on Mumbai's streets and an increase inunderground parking lots, around such areas as Shivaji Park, Nare Parkand Oval Maidan, have been proposed to accommodate shopping,offices and parking plazas. Open plots, grounds, garden, malls and
shopping complexes, multiplexes, theatres are the focussed area withpotential for underground parking facilities. A two-level undergroundcar parking lot at three locations in south Mumbai -- Hutatma Chowk,Crawford Market and SP Mukherjee Chowk (Kala Ghoda) has beenconstrued as the novel solution to the parking predicaments in the city.Deputy Chief engineer-Privatisation Initiative cell, BMC Mr. M.S. Pinglesays, “ Around 2000 cars would be accommodated in these threeprojects spanning over an area of 74,400 sq. m approximately. BMCintended to complete the Hutatma Chowk and Crawford Marketprojects within 18 months from the award of contract, while theconstruction time for the Kala Ghoda parking lot was 24 months. Thethree parking lots were meant to be the role models for the innovativeplans of developing 50 such projects all over Mumbai.” These underground multi-storey car parks, where drivers have noaccess, space is utilized very economically in order to use the availablecapacity as efficiently as possible. A multi-storey car park offers youthe highest-possible degree of flexibility in reaching your optimalparking solution. The BMC has invited private sector to play a major role in itsdevelopment and has offered the private developers to develop theproject on design, build, own, operate and transfer (DBOOT) basis witha concession period of 30 years.Mr. Mukesh Patel, Knowledge worker, Neelkanth Group, says, “It is hightime that the city adopts globally recognized solutions for traffic woesand implement it at the earliest to save the fragile infrastructure frombeing further burdened. There are technologically sound, costeffective, time saving and space conserving systems available to beimplemented. Thought the initial cost of implementation would bemore than our traditional systems, in a longer run these will definitelyscore over.”Palis systems are the most modern parking systems of the world. Theparking facility can be developed underground as well as overheadalso. Palis have also built two parking towers of 50 meters heighthaving a parking facility of 400 cars each at Volkswagen factory inGermany. Trevipark, another globally reputed parking system, is apatented technology originating in Italy and one of the several globalsolutions to car parking solutions in urban centres. Trevipark offerscost-effective, fully automatic, unmanned underground or over-groundcar parking solutions, particularly for crowded cities.

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