Conveyors are classified according to their function or material conveyed.:
Type of material conveyed.( Ex: Bulk materials, bottles, boxes, sacks, etc...)
Type of conveying machine. (Ex: Rollers, belt, chains, slats, bucket,
overhead, aprons, screws, oscillating, flight, pneumatic, and load-towing
When selecting a conveyor the following factors must be carefully defined:
Type of material transported: Is it bulk material, or unit goods.
Physical characteristics of transported goods. (ex for bulk materials:
Lumpiness, repose angle, moisture content, abrasiveness, coefficient of
internal friction, etc...)
Dimensions of unit goods.
Flow rate: tons per hour or number of units per hour.
Load carrying capacity of structure.
Distance traveled (Conveyor length).
Direction of travel. (head to tail or tail to head)
Level change. ( Horizontal, upward or downward path.)
Support type ( Floor stand, ceiling suspended, wall mounted, etc..)
Environment and operating conditions ( food grade, moisture, water splash,
dust, explosion hazards etc..) .
Conveyors are usually classified according to their type (ex: roller, belt, slat, etc..),
or sometimes according to the material being transported ( ex: bulk).
Conveyors come in many forms and designs, the most common of which are listed
in the table below.
inclined rollers carry unit
loads. Low cost, low
maintenance. Hand driven
Transportation of unit
loads, boxes, barrels,
drums, cartons ,
rollers are motor driven.
Drive is by sprockets and
chains, tangential belts , or
Loads are carried on chain
strands, running on a wear
resistant polymer. Used
with relatively heavy loads
and pallets. ( 1-2 tons /unit)
Plastic or Stainless steel
slats running on wear
of unit loads along a closed path. The carts carrying the loads are pushed or pulled
Paint shops, assembly lines,
garments industry, meat
industry, assembly lines.
Same as above, but could
also change levels . Could
also be used for bulk loads.
Arrays of 2 or more rollers,
elevate the sides of a rubber
or polymer belt to confine
bulk materials to the center
of the belt. Could reach
lengths of several
kilometers. Can change
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