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conveyor selection

conveyor selection

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Published by: Dr_M_Soliman on Sep 22, 2009
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Conveyor selection
Dr. Eng. M. A. Soliman
A conveyor moves material between locations. Conveyors are generally powered by
electric motors, hydraulic motors, or by gravity.

Conveyors are classified according to their function or material conveyed.:
Type of material conveyed.( Ex: Bulk materials, bottles, boxes, sacks, etc...)
Type of conveying machine. (Ex: Rollers, belt, chains, slats, bucket,
overhead, aprons, screws, oscillating, flight, pneumatic, and load-towing
push-bar conveyors,)

Example of roller conveyor:
Example of belt conveyor:
Conveyor Selection:

When selecting a conveyor the following factors must be carefully defined:
Type of material transported: Is it bulk material, or unit goods.
Physical characteristics of transported goods. (ex for bulk materials:
Lumpiness, repose angle, moisture content, abrasiveness, coefficient of
internal friction, etc...)
Dimensions of unit goods.
Flow rate: tons per hour or number of units per hour.
Load carrying capacity of structure.
Distance traveled (Conveyor length).
Direction of travel. (head to tail or tail to head)

Conveyor height from floor.

Level change. ( Horizontal, upward or downward path.)
Support type ( Floor stand, ceiling suspended, wall mounted, etc..)
Environment and operating conditions ( food grade, moisture, water splash,
dust, explosion hazards etc..) .

Conveyors are usually classified according to their type (ex: roller, belt, slat, etc..),
or sometimes according to the material being transported ( ex: bulk).
Conveyors come in many forms and designs, the most common of which are listed
in the table below.

Roller Gravity Conveyors
Horizontal or slightly

inclined rollers carry unit
loads. Low cost, low
maintenance. Hand driven

or gravity operated.

Transportation of unit
loads, boxes, barrels,
drums, cartons ,
occasionally sacks.

Powered Roller Conveyors Same as above except

rollers are motor driven.
Drive is by sprockets and
chains, tangential belts , or
round belt.

Same as above. Some types
could be used in
applications requiring
Slider Bed Belt Conveyors Belt is supported on a slider
bed. Low cost
Lightweight unit goods or
bulk material loads .
Roller Bed Conveyors
Belt is supported by rollers. Medium to heavy loads,
Chain Conveyors

Loads are carried on chain
strands, running on a wear
resistant polymer. Used
with relatively heavy loads
and pallets. ( 1-2 tons /unit)

Assembly lines, pallet, unit
loads transport.
Slat Conveyors

Plastic or Stainless steel
slats running on wear
resistant polymer.

Handling of bottles, or
small similar items.
Overhead Conveyors,
Continuous transportation

of unit loads along a closed path. The carts carrying the loads are pushed or pulled

by hand.

Paint shops, assembly lines,
garments industry, meat
industry, assembly lines.

Overhead Conveyors,

Same as above, but could
also change levels . Could
also be used for bulk loads.

Same as above.
Trough Conveyors.

Arrays of 2 or more rollers,
elevate the sides of a rubber
or polymer belt to confine
bulk materials to the center
of the belt. Could reach
lengths of several
kilometers. Can change

Bulk materials handling.

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