20 JOURNAL OF RUSSIAN AND EAST EUROPEAN PSYCHOLOGY
Journal of Russian and East European Psychology,
vol. 42, no. 4,July–August 2004, pp. 20–34.© 2004 M.E. Sharpe, Inc. All rights reserved.ISSN 1061–0405/2004 $9.50 + 0.00.
L.S. Vygotsky’s Historicaland Cultural Theory andIts Significance forContemporary Studies of thePsychology of Personality
English translation © 2004 M.E. Sharpe, Inc., from the Russian text © 2001“Moskovskii psikhologo-sotsial
nyi institut.” “O kul
turno-istoricheskoikontseptsii L.S. Vygotskogo i ee znachenii dlia sovremennykh issledovaniipsikhologii lichnosti,” in
Problemy formirovaniia lichnosti: izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy
(Moscow: Moskovskii psikhologo-sotsial
nyi institut,2001), pp. 288–301. (Originally published in
, 1988, no. 5[page numbers not available]).
L.S.Vygotsky’s historical and cultural theory of psychologicaldevelopment contains a number of ideas that have become semi-nal for the construction of new original theories. We are referringhere, first of all, to the idea that activity plays a leading role in thepsychological development of children. This idea formed the basisof A.N. Leontiev’s creation of an independent area of study—thetheory of activity—which is the focus of a large number of currentstudies. Vygotsky’s idea that the higher psychological functionsare a result of the interiorization of initial practical human formsof activity has been developed in the theory of the formatin of development of psychological processes (P.Ia. Galperin and his