•The following 3 factors are important in drillinga well:
–Weight on bit (WOB) –Bit rotation in rpm –Mud circulation rate
RATE OF PENETRATION (ROP)
•ROP is time taken by a bit to drill one metre of formation, minutes per metre•Example: ROP = 15 minutes/ metre means thebit takes 15 minutes to drill 1 m of formation.•ROP keeps on fluctuating.•If formations are soft, ROP will increase.•If formations become hard, ROP will decrease.•If bit becomes worn out, ROP decreases.
•When the bit is off bottom, complete weight of the string is on the hook & no WOB on bit•When the string is lowered slowly by loweringdraw works, the bit touches the bottom.•If draw works is lowered further, some of thestring weight will be borne by bit as it can notgo down any further. That weight borne by thebit is WOB.•WOB may vary from 2-3 MT to 20-25 MTdepending on depth and formations.