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Basics of Drilling, Sinha -23 Aug, 2006

Basics of Drilling, Sinha -23 Aug, 2006

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Published by Rahul Prasad
Basics of oil and gas well drilling
Basics of oil and gas well drilling

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Rahul Prasad on Sep 22, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/17/2012

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BASICS OF DRILLING
The following 3 factors are important in drillinga well:
 –Weight on bit (WOB) –Bit rotation in rpm –Mud circulation rate
 
 
RATE OF PENETRATION (ROP)
ROP is time taken by a bit to drill one metre of formation, minutes per metreExample: ROP = 15 minutes/ metre means thebit takes 15 minutes to drill 1 m of formation.ROP keeps on fluctuating.If formations are soft, ROP will increase.If formations become hard, ROP will decrease.If bit becomes worn out, ROP decreases.
 
 
WOB
When the bit is off bottom, complete weight of the string is on the hook & no WOB on bitWhen the string is lowered slowly by loweringdraw works, the bit touches the bottom.If draw works is lowered further, some of thestring weight will be borne by bit as it can notgo down any further. That weight borne by thebit is WOB.WOB may vary from 2-3 MT to 20-25 MTdepending on depth and formations.

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