business model, was popularized by C.K. Prahalad, AlHammond (Prahalad, Hammond, 2004), and Stuart Hart. They believed that low-cost, innovative solutions can profitably address the unique needs of the low-income market. The official mission of FMS is to helppublic and private organizations in developing nations bridge the digital divideby providing affordable, scalable communications infrastructure and by building internal capacity in wireless networking.As of January 2005, FMS had fourfull-time staff, including the founders, and had deployed their technology in fourcountries: India, Cambodia, Costa Rica and Rwanda. A rough calculation shows that their technology has connected 30,000 villagers which, based on the bottom of the pyramid concept, leaves them 3.9 billion more as potential customers. Fletcher and Hassan’s ambitions and aspirations led them totake their classproject to the next stage and enter MIT’s Annual 50K Entrepreneurial Challenge. To support their entry, they deployed a successful proof-of-concept system in rural India. The primary DakNet pilot in India was with Bhoomi, an eGovernance initiative established by the Indian State Government of Karnataka to computerize all land records in Karnataka. Armed with these initial proofs of concept, Hasson returned to Boston and was contacted by Bernie Krisher from American Assistance for Cambodia/Japan Relief Fund (AAfC/JRF) to deploy their solution for rural schools in Cambodia.FMS first commercial deployment followed shortly thereafter and was launched September 1, 2003. Because FMS was first incubated at the MIT lab and quickly capturedAAfC/JRF as its first client, it was able to generate revenue and break-even right from the start, according to Hasson.
2.2 WIRELESS CATALYST
Advances in the IEEE 802 standards have led to huge commercial success and lowpricing for broadband networks. These techniques can providebroadband access to even the most remote areas at low price. Important considerations in a WLAN are
: In a WLAN, access is not limited to the wired PCs but it is also open to all the wireless network devices, making it for a hacker to easily breach thesecurity of that network.
: WLAN should have optimum coverage and performance for mobileusers to seamlessly roam in the wireless network
: Minimize the interference and obstruction by designing the wireless network with proper placement of wireless devices.