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Unit 8 - Key Ideas (Proportionality)

# Unit 8 - Key Ideas (Proportionality)

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Recurso de Eva Perdiguero y Jenny Eather
Recurso de Eva Perdiguero y Jenny Eather

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03/24/2014

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DEPARTAMENTO DE MATEMÁTICAS. IES RIBERA DEL BULLAQUE. SECCIÓN EUROPEA MATERIAL DE MATEMÁTICAS EN INGLÉS. VOCABULARIO BÁSICO. Definiciones extraídas de la página web: http://www.mathsisfun.com/definitions/index.html
BLOQUE ARITMÉTICA - ARITHMETIC UNIDAD DIDÁCTICA 8: RATIO, PROPORTIONS AND PERCENTS. RAZON, PROPORCIONES Y PORCENTAJES RATIO - RAZON
A ratio shows the relative sizes of two or more values.
There are three grey squares to two white squares. We can write ratios in different ways: 3 : 2 (three to 2)
3 es a 2. Por cada 3 … hay 2 …
3/5 as a fraction (three over five) -
tres sobre cinco que es el total.
0.75 as a decimal -
como un decimal del total.
75% as a percentage
–

como un porcentaje.
PROPORTION

–
PROPORCIÓN
When two fractions are equal to each other we can say that they are in

proportion.
La

igualdad de dos fracciones es una proporción. The quotient of the fractions is called the

proportionality constant
. El cociente de las fracciones se llama: constante de proporcionalidad.
When one of the four numbers in a proportion is unknown, cross products may be used to find the unknown number. This is called solving the proportion. Letters are frequently used in place of the unknown number. Example: Solve for n Using cross products: 1 · 4 = 2 · n ; 4 = 2 n; n = 2
DIRECT PROPORTION
PROPORCIONES
DIRECTAS

There are relationships where as one quantity
decreases the other decreases
too. Or one quantity
increases and the other increases
too. When this type of relationship is satisfied we can say that the two quantities are

directly

proportional
.

INVERSE PROPORTION
–
PROPORCIÓN INVERSA.

DEPARTAMENTO DE MATEMÁTICAS. IES RIBERA DEL BULLAQUE. SECCIÓN EUROPEA MATERIAL DE MATEMÁTICAS EN INGLÉS. VOCABULARIO BÁSICO. Definiciones extraídas de la página web: http://www.mathsisfun.com/definitions/index.html
There are relationships where as one quantity
decreases the other increases
When this type of relationship is satisfied we can say that the two quantities are

inversely

proportional
. One example of this is when we travel by car. The faster the speed, the less time it takes us to travel a certain distance.

120 km/h ------------- 2 h 60 km/h -------------- x h PERCENTAGE
PORCENTAJE
A percent
is a ratio of a number to 100. A percent is expressed using the symbol %. A percent is also equivalent to a fraction with
denominator 100.