INCA ARCHITECTURE: THE FUNCTION OF A BUILDING IN RELATION TO ITS FORM Ginger Pigeon, B.S. University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 2011 This thesis provides research and information on various architectural constructions at four Inca sites in the Sacred and Urubamba Valleys of Peru: Cuzco, Saqsaywaman, Ollantaytambo, and Machu Picchu. It evaluates the relationship between construction technique and each
use, function, and significance within Inca culture. Specifically, architectural elements of the various structures are examined and classified, relative to the following categories: 1) function, 2) structure/form, 3) construction, 4) size, 5) frequency, and lastly, 6) layout. Through a systematic comparison of the sites, this thesis concludes that though all the sites were
in Inca society, their construction varied in quality. A final analysis demonstrates that these sites follow primarily a hierarchy of construction, and that their function does relate to their form.