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Lecture 5

Lecture 5

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Published by nanda1369
biopotential electrodes
biopotential electrodes

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Published by: nanda1369 on Sep 23, 2009
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10/15/2014

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Lecture 5BiopotentialElectrodes(Ch. 5)
 
 
Electrode – Electrolyte Interface
 
Electrode
 
Electrolyte (neutral charge)
C+, A- in solutionCCCA-A-
C+C+
e-e-Cur 
 
rent flowC+ : CationA- : Anione- : electron
 Fairly common electrode materials: Pt, Carbon, …, Au, Ag,… Electrode metal is use in conjunction with salt, e.g. Ag-AgCl, Pt-Pt black, or polymer coats (e.g. Nafion, to improve selectivity)
 
 
Electrode – Electrolyte Interface
+
++
me A Ane
mn
General Ionic Equations
a) If electrode has same material as cation, then this material getsoxidized and enters the electrolyte as a cation and electrons remainat the electrode and flow in the external circuit. b) If anion can be oxidized at the electrode to form a neutral atom,one or two electrons are given to the electrode.a) b)
 
Current flow from electrode to electrolyte : Oxidation (Loss of e
-
)Current flow from electrolyte to electrode : Reduction (Gain of e
-
)The dominating reaction can be inferred from the following :

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There is an important mistake in the slide: Polarizable and non-polarizable Electrodes. Platinum Electrodes are PERFECTLY POLARISABLE! The source I have is exactly the same than yours (it has at least the same pictures) Medical Instrumentation by John Webster.
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