HiVol Sampling Field Sampling Manual, 2003 40
1. Guidelines for the HiVol Sampling Procedure for Assessing Chronic Hazard Associated with Trace Metals in Particulates
Three requirements of the sampling procedure are:
That the lab provide quality control information to accompany all reported measurements.
That trip blanks accompany every 5 samples collected, and that 5 blank filters be analyzed prior to field circulation for every new filter type put into use.
That the Hi Volume sampler draw a sample over a full 7 days per filter, and that the 7 day sampling intervals be contiguous (one interval following immediately after another) over the course of a full year. These requirements maximize the amount of information obtained from the current sampling equipment and lab methodologies so that a chronic exposure hazard can be calculated with the greatest accuracy without significantly increasing the costs of sample collection and analysis. Other requirements are:
That the site meet Ministry standards for particulate sampling.
That the motor exhaust from the HiVol must be vented away from the sample inlet according to Ministry standards. Any lab providing analysis services must meet Ministry certification requirements.
An assessment of the chronic impact of trace metals involves calculating the average metal concentration found in a sequence of samples. The HiVol sampling method involves drawing particulate onto a filter. Lab analysis of the sample will determine the combination of metals in the sample and metals in the filter. In calculating an averaged ambient metal concentration, the averaged metal content of the filters must be subtracted from the averaged total (sample and filter) of the metal measured. The greatest source of uncertainty in calculating ambient metals concentrations is generally due to the variability in the metal composition of the filter.