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APUSH Notes, Chapters 4-5

APUSH Notes, Chapters 4-5

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Published by Helie
Notes from lecture for chapters 4 and 5 of the American Pageant, twelfth edition
Notes from lecture for chapters 4 and 5 of the American Pageant, twelfth edition

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Published by: Helie on Sep 23, 2009
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09/20/2010

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AP United States HistoryChapters 4-5
I.
 
BACON'S REBELLION
 
1676
 
Virginia civil dispute
 
Governor William Berkeley
 
Demonstrations against governor/Jamestown government buildings
 
Nathaniel Bacon was fairly well-of, but became a champion of poor farmers
 
Richer plantation owners lived in eastern Virginia (the "Tidewater") on theChesapeake Bay
o
 
They supported the Crown because they received land grants from theking, they needed European markets in which to sell their goods, andthey belonged to the Tory party (an English political party thatsupported the Crown)
o
 
Consisted of 1/3 of the population
 
Frontiersmen were "Patriots": anti-Tory party
o
 
Consisted of 1/3 of the population
 
Third group existed, not affiliated with any of the above
o
 
Consisted of 1/3 of the population
o
 
Weren't really political, just trying to survive
 
Nathaniel Bacon united frontiersmen and marched into Jamestown
o
 
Initially, they all just wanted to discuss with the governor, WilliamBerkeley, about why they weren't being protected from native raids
o
 
Berkeley didn't care what they thought; his job was to protect the richpeople
 
The plantation owners were angered and started burning governmentbuildings
 
The militia disbanded when Bacon died; the rebellion had no real effectsII.
 
MIDDLE PASSAGE
 
English sailors coined the term "middle passage" in the 18
th
century
 
It was part of the triangular trade route
 
Slave ships were called "slavers"
o
 
Decks were 2.5-3 feet tall
o
 
The slavers were designed to hold 400-500 people, but 500-600 peoplewere often packed in
o
 
Dysentery and other diseases were common
o
 
Sanitation was sometimes nonexistent
o
 
1 in every 5 slaves died on the journey
o
 
Netting was installed on slavers to prevent slaves from escaping
 
AP United States HistoryChapters 4-5
o
 
Before arrival to the destination, the slaves were fattened up andwashed in preparation for saleIII.
 
THE TOBACCO COLONIES
 
Slavery in the colonies began with tobacco plantations
o
 
Demand for tobacco increased dramatically in the 1700s
o
 
Demand for slaves rose accordingly
o
 
Most slaves were sent to the Tidewater area (consisting of parts ofDelaware, Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina)
o
 
When those areas filled up, tobacco plantations spread into thePiedmont region—the foothills of the Appalachians
 
Slaves were treated differently in North America, the Caribbean, and SouthAmerica
o
 
The Caribbean was the worst, as exemplified by the Barbados slavecode. It was also harder to escape from Caribbean islands. The Frenchand Spanish, who ran most Caribbean islands, treated slaves asexpendable
o
 
South America loosely followed the Barbados slave code, but it was notas severe there
o
 
Only South Carolina in North America followed the Barbados slavecode. The English treated slaves better than the Spanish and French
o
 
(1) Food supplies: the Caribbean islands grew only cash crops, meaningother food had to be imported. Oftentimes, there wasn't enough foodfor all the slaves
o
 
(2) Work schedules: in English North America (excluding SouthCarolina), slaves had more reasonable work schedules
o
 
(3) Overall living conditions: in English North America (excluding SouthCarolina), slaves had better housing and clothing
o
 
In 1892, Brazil became the last American country to ban slavery
o
 
In 1808, the United States stopped importing slaves (slavery remainedlegal)IV.
 
LOWER SOUTH
 
South Carolina
o
 
First slaves appeared in 1715
o
 
Grew mainly rice and indigo
o
 
Elizabeth Pinckney brought back indigo from India
 
AP United States HistoryChapters 4-5
o
 
1 in 5 African-Americans trace arrival to Charleston, where ashipbuilding industry began to develop
 
Georgia
o
 
When first founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe, slavery was illegal
o
 
Oglethorpe welcomed outcasts of all kinds, including runaway slaves
o
 
Slowly, South Carolinians began encroaching on Georgia's lands (asland in South Carolina began to run out) and brought their slaves withthem
o
 
Oglethorpe reluctantly allowed slavery in 1752
o
 
Slaves grew rice, indigo, and later cotton
 
Slave Economy of the South
o
 
Most slave owners owned only one slave. This life was much better forslaves than life on a plantation
o
 
On average, plantations had 50-75 slaves; some had as many as 500V.
 
SLAVERY IN THE NORTH
 
Beginning in the 1680s, Philadelphia became a shipping center
o
 
Rural areas had fewer slaves, since Quakers (more common in ruralareas) did not approve of slavery
o
 
In Philadelphia, most slaves worked at the port: unloading ships, etc.
o
 
Other important ports include Savannah, Georgia and Virginia Beach,Virginia
 
New York and New Jersey
o
 
These bread colonies had more slaves than anywhere else north of theChesapeake
 
Quakers
o
 
At first, they purchased slaves
o
 
Soon decided it was against their beliefs
o
 
Began purchasing slaves just to release them
 
Colleges and Universities
o
 
Generally speaking, education correlates with tolerance
o
 
The first colleges and universities were established for religiouspurposes, and equality plays a large role in religion
o
 
There was less support for slavery in the NorthVI.
 
AFRICAN-AMERICAN DAILY LIVES/CULTURE/MISCELLANEOUS
 
Jobs

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