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Hijrah

Hijrah

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Published by Stewart Bell
Canadian intelligence report from 2008 explaining theological justifications cited by extremists for leaving Western countries to fight jihad.
Canadian intelligence report from 2008 explaining theological justifications cited by extremists for leaving Western countries to fight jihad.

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Published by: Stewart Bell on Jan 20, 2014
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01/21/2014

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intelligence
Assessment
SECRET
CSIS
IA
2008 9/09
2 8 711
HUrah:not
Just
Getting
Away
from
it
All
Summary
Hijrah
is
a
historical
reference
to
the
escape
of
theProphet
Muhammad
from
an
assassination
plot
in622
AD Some
see
hUrah
asan
obligation
to
leavenon Muslimcountries
andlive
under
Islamic
law
of5
 
SECRET
CSISIA
2008 9/09
2008
07
11
CAVEAT
This
report
is
issuedundertheauthority
of
the
Director,CanadianSecurityIntelligence
Service.
It
is
provided
for
the
information
of
the
recipientandcolleagues
of
the
recipient’sdepartment
or
agency
who
have
the
appropriatesecurityclearance
and
maybenefit
from
knowledge
of
its
contents.
Ibis
report
may
be
paraphrased
and
used
in
internaldepartmental
or
agencycorrespondence.Neither
the
reportnor
any
of
its
contents
should
be
disseminatedoutside
the
recipient’s
department
or
agency
without
prior
consultation
with
CS
IS,
TheDirector,CS[S,shouldbeinformed
of
anyactiontaken
by
a
department
or
agencybased
onits
contents.Thisdocumentconstitutes
a
recordwhich
maybe
subject
to
mandatosy
exemptionunderthe
Access
to
Information
Act
or
Privacy
Act.
Theinformation
or
intelligencemay
also
be
protected
bythe
provisions
of
the
canada
Evidence
Act.
The
information
or
intelligencemustnot
be
disclosedor
used
as
evidence
without
prior
consultation
withthe
 anadian
Security
 ntelligence
Service.
Introduction
 
The
concept
of
hUrah
is
of
primehistoricalsignificance
in
Islam.
Tied
to
the
very
creation
of
the
faith,
it
hasneverthelessbeen
used
as
a
precursor
to
carryingout
jihad
orterrorism.
This
brief
discusses
the
notion
of
hUrah
What
is
HUrah?
2.
 r h
 alsospelled
hjra
is
an
Arabicwordthat
at
its
rootincludes
the
concept
of
leaving,emigrating,
or
gettingawayfromsomeone
or
something.
In
an
Islamiccontext,
theHzjrah
refers
to
the
flightby
theProphet
MuhammadfromMecca
to
Medina
hi
622AD
to
avoid
assassination
at
the
hands
of
his
enemies.
Muhammad
travellednorth
to
Medinawhere
he
established
a
community
of
believers
that
eventually
returned
to
Mecca
and
conquered
the
city
forIslam.The
islamic
calendardatesfrom
Muhammad’s
departurefromMecca
and
is
oftencalled
a
hUn
 same
root
as
hUrah calendar.
3.
Theconcept
of
hUrahalso
includes
thedesire
to
“flee
fromsin.Asthe
Muslim
empirebegan
to
shrink
inthe
 
century,
and
formerMuslim
lands
cameunder
non-Muslim
rule,
the
concept
took
on
the
added
meaning
of
leaving
a
non-Muslim
landfor
a
Muslim
one.
This
was
in
keeping
with
the
belief
thatMuslimscouldnotsubjectthemselves
to
lawsand
rulerswho
were
not
Muslim
themselves.
Muslims
withthe
economicwherewithalhad
an
obligation
to
move
to
a
Muslim
country.
Ibn
Taymiyyah,
a
 
-century
scholarquotedfrequentlybyIslamistextremists,
including
Al
Qaeda
leaderOsamaBin
Laden,
noted
that
hfrah
wasobligatoryforMuslims
living
in
non-
Muslim
lands
as
theywouldotherwise
be
corruptedbytheir
stay
among
the
unbelievers.
2
of
5
 
SECRET
CSISIA
2008-9/09
2008
07
 
Hijrahand
Jihad
4.
The
linksbetween
hjrah
and
jihad
arealso
historical,
Muhammad’s
flight
to
Medinawas
a
precursor
forhis
jihad
inthe
Arabianpeninsula
andsubsequent
conquest
of
Mecca.
ManyMuslim
scholars,
and
all
Islamistextremists,view
jihad
as
an
obligation
for
Muslims,and
someclaimthat
hjrah
is
alsoanobligation.Somehaveeven
elevatedjihad
asone
of
the
pillars
of
Islam
 alongsidefaith,fasting,prayer,almsand
the
hajj ,
maintaining
that
jihad
is
second
only
to
faith
itself.
Muhammad
AI-Faraj,
an
Egyptianideologuewhoinspired
the
assassins
of
President
Sadat
in
1981
referred
to
jihad
as
the
“forgotten
obligation.Extremistsencourage
Muslims
to
travel
to
areas
to
defendIslamfrom
its
enemies hence
h/rah ,
notingthat
parental
orspousal
permission
is
notrequired,
nor
is
a
call
from
a
qualified
imam.
Itis
worth
notingthat
Muhammad
himself
argued
that
hUrah
was
no
longernecessary
once
Muslims
had
returned
to
Mecca:
extremists
counter
thatthe
occupation
of
formerMuslim
lands
byWesterners
has
resurrected
theneed
forhUrah.
5.
Anearly
l
-century
Indian
Islamist
extremist
viewed
hijrah
as
a
necessarycondition
for
the
establishment
of
animamate Muslimstate not
under
Britishrule
in
order
to
proclaimjihad
against
British
colonial
masters.
The
Egyptianterrorist
group
Takfir
wa
Hijra,created
in
the
late
1960s,
merged
the
concepts
of
h7rah
and
jihad
Thegroup’sfounder,ShukriMustafa,
believedthatEgyptiansocietywas
an
apostateone
as
Egyptians
were
notrisingupagainst
their
non Muslim
rulers.
TrueMuslims,
in
hismind,
had
to
exilethemselves
 hjrah
in
thedesertand
practicecomplete
isolationfrom
those
whom
they
hadexcommunicated
 takflr .Onceisolated,
preparations
for
jihad
could
be
made.
islamistExtremistsandHijrah
6.
Islamistextremists
havequoted
Muhammad
 one
of
the
hadiths
to
demonstrate
the
needfor
hjrah
in
support
of
jihad.
Forinstance,
in
the
Book
of
Jihad
 written
in
the
 
century ,
Muhammad
is
quoted
saying
that
while
hr h
refers
to
the
leaving
behind
of
sins,
the
best
use
of
hzjrah
is
in
the
context
ofjihad.
AbdallahAzzam,
the
founder
of
AlQaeda,stated
in
his
seminal
work
“Joining
theCaravan”
that
hUrahwas
an
obligation
on
Muslims
in
preparation
forjihad.
In
a
2008
02
eulogy
to
the
assassinated
Al
Qaeda
commander
AbuLaith
Al
Libi,an
extremist
on
the
Al Ekhlass
Website
noted
that“thereshould
be
no
lack
of
effort
in
doing
all
that
is
possible
to
remove
obstacles
from
the
path
of
JJrah
andJihad.Another
Al-Ekhlassposting
in
2008
03
reminded
Muslims
to
constantly
seek
to
train
for
jihad
and
to
remind
himself
of
the
obligation
of
HUrahandJihad.
The
Yemeniextremist
ideologue
Anwar
Al-
Aulaqi
haslinked
the
concepts
of
hUrahand
jihad,
noting
that
both
are
i
sabil
Allah”
 on
the
path
of,
or
forthesake
of,
Allah .
One
of
his
speeches
is
entitled
“Tolerance,
HUrah
andJihad”.
Individualsposting
to
the
Islamist
extremism
Web
site
At-Tibyan
Publications
oftenexchangeviews
on
hUrah,
noting
that
it
is
an
obligation
onMuslims
to
travel
to
engage
injihad.
In
2003
07,
BinLaden
stated
thathzjrahand
jihad
wereconditions
for
the
creation
of
a
trueIslamicstateandthatthosewho
did
not
understand
theneed
for
hijrah
and
jihad
hadnot
understoodMuhammad’s
mission.
 
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