Appendix A – page A1
EEW702-SCR-RPT-001-Rev. 029 April 2008
I. SNAPSHOT INDICATORS
1. This Appendix defines and describes the indicators adopted for the analysis of water sector status. As the water sector is so vast, and as the status assessment needs to cover the whole country of Viet Nam, a comprehensive but focused approach was required topresent the status. It was therefore decided to use a set of core indicators – “SnapshotIndicators” - to define water sector status in terms of its key attributes as follows:(i) Water Resources (13 indicators): quantity, international linkages, dry seasoneffects, water use, water storages and flooded areas.(ii) Groundwater (3 indicators): groundwater potential, water use, and groundwater assessment.(iii) Social (15 indicators): population, population structure, poverty, ethnicity,employment, water services (clean water, sanitation), and flood impacts.(iv) Economic (12 indicators): GDP, economic structure, sector production(industry, agriculture, irrigation, hydropower, navigation) and economic valuefor water use.(v) Environment (15 indicators): forest cover, biodiversity, conservation areas,cultural heritage areas, natural river flows, water quality, and river obstructions.2. The Indicators generally depict the current position and only a few use futureprojections. Data for the indicators comes from a wide range of sources and documents butthe information provided by the General Office of Statistics formed the basis for core datasets, such as population, area, GDP, etc. Great care has been made to ensure the data areas up to date and accurate as possible. However, it should be appreciated that for thepurpose of this review, absolute accuracy is not essential, and achieving this would haverequired many more months, if not years, of data collection and verification.
What isimportant for this report is that the data illustrates the approximate magnitude of issues and challenges, and the relativity of these between the basins covered by thisreport.
The basins to which this report applies make up more than 91% of the total area of Viet Nam (Map 1).3. The most important function of the Snapshot Indicators is as a policy tool to assistwith the strategic analysis of issues that deserve greater attention within national andprovincial water management programs. The indicators also provide a way of identifyingthose river basins that are at a critical stage with regard to any particular issue. Thisinformation is useful in identifying management priorities and may help to guide thinking onwhat is required to make policy progress. The indicators provide a useful nationalpolicymaker’s guide to the status of the water sector and water resource managementchallenges,
highlighting where each particular river basin might benefit frominvestments of funding and political attention
.4. A more detailed document containing greater explanation of the indicators, thesources of data, and data limitations is available from the project.