Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The weekly briefing, 20 January 2014

The weekly briefing, 20 January 2014

Ratings: (0)|Views: 0|Likes:
Published by Open Briefing
Political and security risk update from Open Briefing (United Kingdom, 20 January 2014).
Political and security risk update from Open Briefing (United Kingdom, 20 January 2014).

More info:

Published by: Open Briefing on Jan 20, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Open Briefing |
The weekly briefing
| 20 January 2014
 Political and security risk updates
Ugandan army helping South Sudan fight reels as U! "arns of "ar crimes#
$ederal troops attle "ith gangs and %igilantes for control o%er the &e'ican state of &ichoac(n#
 Asia and Pacific:
 Japan reuts rumours that President Shin)o *e is seeking to re%ise history te'tooks#
Ukraine passes anti+protest legislation aimed at curing ongoing anti+go%ernment demonstrations#
 Middle East:
,gyptians %ote in first allot since military remo%ed &ohammed &orsi from po"er#
 Polar regions:
!e" US !a%y *rctic strategy calls for more icereakers#
Ugandan army helping South Sudan fight rebels as U warns of war crimes
Uganda has issued a statement aout its forces assisting the South Sudanese *rmy in its fight against reels# On 1- January. Ugandan President /o"eri &use%eni admitted for the first time helping South Sudans President Sal%a iir fight the reels# &use%eni stated that Ugandan soldiers helped defeat reel forces outside of Jua on 1 January# On 13 January. Ugandas military spokesman. 5ieutenant 6olonel Paddy *nkunda. announced that Ugandan troops "ere engaged in efforts to dri%e reel forces from Bor. a strategically important to"n near the capital. Jua# 7he statements from ampala mark the first admission of Ugandan in%ol%ement in the South Sudanese conflict. after pre%ious denials and official statements aout only assisting the e%acuation of ci%ilians# 7he fighting started as a po"er struggle et"een iir and his former deputy. 8iek &achar. "ho no" leads the reel forces after eing accused of planning a coup# 7he open in%ol%ement of an outside force risks further escalating the conflict and raises further concerns aout the regional implications of the conflict# Other actors are likely to ecome in%ol%ed should they percei%e their interests to e at stake. "hich could lead to pro'y confrontations# On 19 January. the United !ations stated that it had e%idence of the use of child soldiers and "ar crimes committed y oth sides in the conflict# &ean"hile. peace negotiations continue in ,thiopia# *ddis *aa had pre%iously declared that e'ternal troops engaging in South Sudan "ould e :asolutely un"arranted# *s South Sudanese troops continued their ad%ance on Bor. mediators met reel leader &achar in an effort to ring ceasefire negotiations for"ard#
Open Briefing |
"ther de#elopments
The acting president of the $entral African %epublic &$A%'(
Ale)andre*+erdinand guendet( has declared that ,the party is o#er-
 as deserting soldiers and police returned to duty# !guendet pledged on 1 January that the "eeks of anarchy and sectarian %iolence "ould e s"iftly rought to an end. issuing "arnings to the "arring parties. the predominantly &uslim Seleka and the 6hristian anti+Balaka fighters# 7he pre%ious day. "arring fighters had struck a truce in Southern Bangui. "ith hopes for a calmer period for the "hole of the country# ;ith 1.000 killed in the past month alone and a fifth of the countrys population eing displaced as a result of the %iolence. despite $rench and *frican inter%ention. !guendets pro%isional parliament no" faces the task of stailising the situation and finding a ne" transitional president# 7he United States. mean"hile. stated that more international peacekeepers may e needed to impro%e the situation in 6*8#
The trial of four men charged with helping al*.aeda linked militants in the /estgate Mall attack has opened in 0enya
# 7he four men. "ho appeared in court on 1- January. all deny charges of using false documents and pro%iding support and shelter to the gunmen "ho killed at least 39 people in the attack on the !airoi mall on 21 Septemer 201# *ll the gunmen died in the attack. "hich "as claimed y Somali <slamist reel group al+Shaaa. highlighting the groups aility to strike outside Somalia#
igerian President oodluck 2onathan has sacked military chiefs
after a court ruled their appointments were unconstitutional3
 On 13 January. Jonathans office stated that he had replaced the heads of !igerias army. na%y and air force in "hat marks the fourth year of the countrys conflict "ith Boko =aram# 5ast year. human rights la"yer $estus eyamo had mounted a challenge to the military appointments. arguing they had not een appro%ed y the national assemly# <n July. the =igh 6ourt in *u>a declared that the appointments had indeed een unconstitutional# &ilitary operations against Boko =aram continue. "ith fre?uent clashes in the northeastern Borno state in particular# On 1- January. a car om killed at least 2@ people in the key attleground of &aiduguri#
"n the radar
The U Security $ouncil will consult on the 4oint United ations*African Union operation in 5arfur &UAM65' and 5emocratic %epublic of the $ongo sanctions3
Madagascar braces itself for opposition protests
 after the electoral court officially declares =ery 8a>aonarimampianina president+elect among accusations of %ote rigging#
+ederal troops battle with gangs and #igilantes for control o#er the Me)ican state of Michoac7n
On 10 January. the go%ernor of &ichoac(n. $austo Aalle>o. re?uested help from the federal go%ernment to respond to a security crisis in the state# 7his follo"ed a recent spate of %iolence in "hich masked gunmen looted and set fire to shops and the main municipal uilding in the *pat)ing(n district# &ichoac(n state has ecome the stage for regular confrontations et"een the nights 7emplar cartel and %igilante groups# <n response to last "eeks e%ents. President ,nri?ue Pea !ieto announced the deployment of federal troops to re+estalish order in the state# =e "arned that anyone caught "ith "eapons "ould e punished in accordance "ith the la"# =o"e%er. ci%il militia ha%e refused to surrender in some districts in spite of the go%ernments demand#
Open Briefing |
 7he surge in %iolence in &ichoac(n demonstrates the limits of Pea !ietos security policies# <t is in the same state that former President $elipe 6alderCn first launched his unsuccessful "ar on drugs in 2009. sparking %iolence in "hich as many as D0.000 people are elie%ed to ha%e died# Euring his election campaign in Eecemer 2012. Pea !ieto promised to adopt a ne" approach to the countrys drug cartels# 7his "as reflected in an o%erall decrease in the numer of deployed federal troops# But as the troops "ithdre". drug cartels took ad%antage of the situation to e'pend their operations# <t is in this conte't that ci%il militias emerged in response to the increased presence of the nights 7emplars cartel in &ichoac(n state# Until recently. those groups enefited from the implicit acking of the go%ernment. "hich used them to fight a pro'y "ar against the cartels# =o"e%er. as the self+defence %igilante groups egan to take o%er entire districts it ecame clear that such strategy "as fraught "ith risk# <n the current climate. many remote %illages rely e'clusi%ely on the militias for their security# 7he self+proclaimed leader of the militias. Jose &anue &ireles. announced that his men "ill not gi%e up their "eapons until the drug traffickers ha%e een arrested# $or Pea !ieto this %iolence is especially ad timing. as the country seeks to attract in%estments for its ne"ly lieralised energy sector# $urthermore. the country is to host US President Barack Oama and 6anadian Prime &inister Stephen =arper for a trade summit ne't month#
"ther de#elopments A killing spree in 9rail raises concerns o#er the integrity of the country-s security forces3
On the e%ening of 12 January. 12 people "ere murdered in the city of 6ampinas. in the SFo Paulo state# $ollo"ing the killings. uses and cars "ere torched on 1 January in the same area# 7he 12 murders shared similar characteristics and occurred in a three+hour time inter%al# 7he "eapons used in the murders "ere the same calire as those used y the military police. arousing suspicions that officers "ere in%ol%ed in a retaliatory attack# *n in%estigation is no" under"ay# 7he killings add to the continuing security concerns regarding the capacity of the national police to handle the 2014 ;orld 6up and the Olympics in 2013#
"n 18 2anuary( a $olombian court put a temporary hold on a contro#ersial decision to remo#e 9ogot7 Mayor usta#o Petro from office3
<n early Eecemer. <nspector
General *le>andro OrdCe) ordered the remo%al of Petro for alleged mismanagement of the ruish collection system. and anned him from holding pulic office for a period of 1- years# $or "eeks. thousands of supporters ha%e marched on Bogotas Boli%ar S?uare in protest at Petros sacking# *s a former memer of the &+1@ guerrilla group. Petro is a symol of 6olomias left# =e is also held up as an e'ample of ho" former reels can e integrated into the political process# 7he courts decision is likely to positi%ely impact the current go%ernment peace talks "ith the 8e%olutionary *rmed $orces of 6olomia H$*86I#
The 5ominican %epublic has suspended its deportation of undocumented ;aitians3
On 19 January. the Eominican go%ernment announced that it "ould halt the deportation of =aitians descendants# 7he decision follo"s a contro%ersial ruling on 2 Septemer 201 that stripped descendants of =aitian migrants of their citi)enship. "hich affected in the region of 200.000 Eominicans and led to a spike in tensions et"een the Eominican and =aitian go%ernments# 7he recent announcement is likely to rela' the ilateral relationship some"hat#

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->