during the Plan. This massive investment in the infrastructure sector is envisagedthrough huge doses of public spending through several flagship nationalprogrammes, as well as through active participation of the private sector in thisgigantic effort. To facilitate PPP in infrastructure sectors, the government has notonly introduced the model concession agreements but also permitted increasedpercentages of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in various sectors. Majorexpansion of infrastructure in the sub-sectors likerailways, ports, civil aviation, road, power, telecommunications and housing isplanned to be achieved during the plan period. Urban infrastructure is targeted tobe strengthened through the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban RenewableMission, while the general rural infrastructure is proposed to be up-gradedthrough implementation of national programmes like Bharat Nirman, RajivGandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana, and National Rural Health Mission etc.
Policy makers realise that the basic goal of inclusive development laid down forthe Eleventh Five Year Plan may not be achieved if the basic infrastructurefacilities are not available in the urban as well as rural areas of the country. In thisregard, the participation of the private sector is considered to be very important.Partnership with the private sector had been continuing in the country during thepast several years but there was no defined uniform policy and legal frameworktill recently.With a view to facilitate the private and foreign investors to pump funds intoIndian infrastructure projects, and to standardize the concessions to be extended