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Table Of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgements
I. The birth of philosophy
The interaction of myth and magic
1. Alien religion in the Veda
4. Meeting of Ārya and Dasyu
5. The break with anthropomorphism
6. Conclusion
II. The Cosmic Giant – an Indo-European myth?
An essay in experimental mythology
1. Pantheism and homologies
2. Lincoln’s thesis and further Indian data
3. The myth in other cultures
4. The common source, empirically tested
1. Retroflexion
2. Vowels
3. Final consonants
4. Sibilants
5. Consonant clusters
6. Voicing
7. Aspiration
8. Sandhi
9. Conclusion
IV. Language and reality
Uddālaka’s thesis and Śaṅkara’s interpretation
1. Omniscience and the unreality of phenomena
2. Śaṅkara’s misinterpretation and his motives
3. The original contrast of naming and truth
1. The frame story
2. The true method and criticism of other approaches
3. The Existent and its attributes
4. The world of phenomena
5. Differences between Parmenides and the Indian tradition
6. Conclusions
VI. The types of suffering in Buddhism
1. Duḥkha in the Mahā-Vyutpatti
2. The three kinds of suffering
3. The Pāli Canon
4. Pain, change, compositeness
5. Tri-lakṣaṇa
6. Less abstract formulas
7. Conclusion
VII. The vagueness of the philosophical Sūtras
No date, no author, no fixed text or meaning
1. Sāṁkhya-Kārikā 6–11
2. Nyāya-Sūtra 1.1.2 & 1.1.9
3. Vaiśeṣika-Sūtra 1.1.1–1.1.4U
4. Vaiśeṣika-Sūtra 3.1.1–3.2.5
5. Brahma-Sūtra and Yoga-Sūtra
6. The authors
VIII. The errors of the copyists
A case study of Candrānanda’s Vaiśeṣika commentary
1. A direct copy
2. Errors and corrections
3. Conclusion
IX. Pain and its cure
The aim of philosophy in Sāṁkhya
1. The text of SK 1
2. Three questions and their traditional answers
3. Doubts about the commentarial interpretation
4. The testimony of the Tattva-Sa āsa
The age of the Bhagavad-Ajjuka
The Sāṁkhya quotatio in the Bhagavad-Ajjuka
Other early references to the Tattva-Sa āsa
5. The sources of the commentarial interpretation
6. Universal suffering
7. How to fight death
8. Temporary salvation
X. Inference, reasoning and causality in the Sāṁkhya-Kārikā
1. The importance of inference in Sāṁkhya
2. The structural role of inference
3. Definitions of inference and some examples
4. Deep structure
5. An attempt at formalisation
XI. Polysemy, misunderstanding and reinterpretation
1. Amicus Plato, sed magis amica veritas
2. Ways around crippling traditionalism
XII. An unknown solution to the problem of universals
Diṅnāga’s apoha theory
1. Universals and interests
2. Apoha theories
3. Negation, contrast, dissociation
4. Omnis determinatio est negatio
5. The power of the theory
XIII. Jayanta on the meaning of words
1. The problem: Can words reach their objects?
2. Buddhist criticism of real universals6
No proof possible for the real existence of universals
No relation possible between universals and individuals
The omnipresence of universals
Ku ārila’s dual aspect theory
3. The Buddhist theory: causally determined nominal universals
4. Kumārila’s arguments against apoha20
Negative characterisations need an independently identifiable subject
The complementary set cannot be effectively given
All apohas will be synonyms
The iteration of apohas
The coreferentiality of two apohas
Special difficulties with certain words
5. Buddhist rejoinder and psychological reinterpretation48
6. How is action possible without the concepts reaching the objects?
7. Jayanta’s refutation of the Buddhist criticism62
Universals are perceptible
Ku ārila’s dual aspect theory is u ecessary
Universals reside in their particulars
Universals are omnipresent
Reductionism is unsuccessful
8. Refutation of Buddhist nominalism
9. Refutation of the psychologising apoha
10. Impossibility of action based on apoha
Bibliography
Sanskrit texts
Secondary sources
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Indian Philosophy Key_issues_in_ferenc Ruzsa 2013 Hungria 177pg

Indian Philosophy Key_issues_in_ferenc Ruzsa 2013 Hungria 177pg

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