with the belief that environment and development are not opposite poles. In thisconnection, the observation of the Brundtland Commission (in its report
published in 1987) was recalled. The commission said: ‘‘Economy is not just about
the production of wealth, and ecology is not just about the protection of Nature;they are both equall
y relevant for improving the lot of mankind.’’
The Montreal Protocol was very much in the news in 1990. The aim of theProtocol is to save the precious ozone layer from chemical damage. Allenlightened countries now concede that destruction of the ozone layer will haveserious consequences on human, animal and plant life.There is no denying that the major culprits in causing pollution and damaging theozone layer are the developed countries. These countries have benefited allthrough the years by using cheap CFCs and have harmed the global environment.If they want the developing countries to restrain themselves from following thesame course, they should assist them. Though the developing countries produceonly a small proportion of the world output of CFCs, they require massiveassistance to switch over to new technologies and to less harmful substitutes.Therefore, a large fund is needed.
The Government of India’s growing concern over this problem is obvious from the
establishment of a department and Ministry for Environment and the series of laws passed to check the practices that endanger the environment. Among theseare: The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, the Water (Pollutionand Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, the Environment (Protection) Act, May 1986,