s are those we hear most about in the press. They occur near the )*uator, in the tropical regions, roughly between the +atitudes -/ and -. These rainforests are in 0entral and outh America, southern 1exico, the acific Islands, western Africa, 1adagascar, and southeast Asia. They recei!e between 234 and 5544 mm of rain each year. They are dense with life, ha!ing thousands of different species, many not yet described. #&y way of comparison, there are about 644 species of birds in /orth America, while there are more than 2444 in 7ust the &oli!ian region of the Amazon rainforest.% Tropical rainforests produce about 849 of the earth's oxygen, and some 39 of medicines used in the de!eloped world come from rainforest plants. Tropical rainforests are warm, with a!erage temperatures between 4 and -80. &elow is a tropical rainforest.