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Passive Voice

Passive Voice

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Published by echa_16

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Published by: echa_16 on Sep 23, 2009
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03/19/2013

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Modul Bahasa Inggris SMPPassive Voice
1
5. Passive voice
Peter is the youngest in our family. He is fourteen years old. Heloves playing basketball. One day, his basketball
was taken by
Teddy, our neighbor. Then he got angry. He told our mother whathappened. So she went to Teddy’s house. Then the ball
wasreturned by
Teddy’s mother. After Teddy going home, his mother asked hin to apology.Dalam bahasa Inggris terdapat kalimat aktif dan kalimat pasif layaknya bahasa Indonesia.Pada kalimat aktif (active sentence) subjek 
melakukan
pekerjaan terhadap objek. Sementara pada kalimat pasif (Passive sentence) objek 
dilakui
pekerjaan oleh subjek. Kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kebalikan dari kalimat aktif (active). Passive voice dibentuk darikalimat aktif yang memiliki objek.Pada bahasa Inggris bentuk pasif ditandai dengan
to be + V3.
To be dalam setiap kalimat berbeda-beda, tergantung tenses kalimat tersebut.
1.Present simple
Rumus: S
 
+ am/is/are + V3 + O + Adv.
Contoh:Active : Somebody holds a ceremony.Passive : A ceremony
is held by
somebody.
2.Past simple
Rumus: S + was/were + V3 + O + Adv.
Contoh:Active : The King of Majapahit built the castle.Passive : The castle
was built by
the King of Majapahit.Contoh lain:- The village
was destroyed by
a great disaster.- The boat
was kicked by
Sangkuriang.
 
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMPPassive Voice
2
3.Simple Perfect
Rumus: S + has/have + been + V3 + O + Adv
Contoh:Active:I have finished the assignment.Passive:The assignment
has been finished
by me
atau
 The assignment
has been finished.
(tanpa objek)
4.Simple Future
Rumus: S + will / shall + be + V3 + O + Adv
Contoh:Active:My mother will cook the fried chicken for me.Passive:The fried chicken will be cooked for me
atau
The fried chicken will be cooked for me by my mother.Passive voice juga bisa dibentuk dari tenses lainnya, yang akan dipelajari pada tingkatan yanglebih tinggi. Perbedaannya hanya terletak pada
to be
kalimat tersebut.Ingat, dalam membuat passive voice,
to be
harus sesuai dengan jenis kalimat (tensesnya).I.Change these Verb-1s (active voice) below into Verb 2 and Verb-3s (past participle). This is important to form active and passive voice according to thetenses. Use dictionary to help you.Ex: Infinitive:
go
 so Verb-2
: went
Verb-3:
gone
1. take2. put3. write4. read5. drive6. teach7. cook 8. steal9. bring10. make
 
Modul Bahasa Inggris SMPPassive Voice
3II.Change these active sentences into passive voice.Example:Mom cooks the fried rice.Answer: The fried rice is cooked by Mom.1.My father and my brother are playing the chess.2.Alex created the poem yesterday.3.I have finished my homework.4.My teacher, Mr John, teaches math.5.The naughty boy stole the money from the store.6.The house cleaner will sweep the floor.7.Some bees bit my leg when I went to the forest.8.She is reading some books in Gramedia.9.Some students didn’t obey the rules.10.The soccer team win the competition.I.Choose the best answer to complete the passive voice below.1.2.The song __________ known for years.a. has b. has bec. has beend. have bee. have been3.The books __________ on thetable.a. was laid b. was lainc. were laidd. were laine. were lied4.The car s __________ carefully byhim.a. drive b. drove

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Ayu Cakra added this note
kok rumus untuk kalimat negatif dan bertanya tdk ada?
Reisya Xanzunywan added this note
thx infonya....
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