With a diverse group in mind, discuss the development of diversity policy within the criminal justice system within the post-war period. Towhat extent has such policy aided individuals in their dealings with thecriminal justice system?
This essay will be looking at the definition of ‘diversity’ in context with the criminal justice system. The diverse group identified and kept in mind for this essay will beethnic minorities, particularly black prisoners both men and women held in prisons of England and Wales. Thus the author will also discuss diversity policy dimension andits development within the criminal justice system, thereby laying more emphasis onsentencing and prison system.This work will examine to what extent diversity policies have aided ethnicity and raceissues within criminal justice system laying more emphasis on the prison system. The policies with regards to question about this essay is supposed to be analysed in post-war period, however the author will slightly highlight on earlier periods as its believedthis will reflect the socio-political roots of dimension of policies. Further work willexplore; what can we learn from official statistics and surveys in relation to race andethnicity? Is prison service able to address race issues and follow fair equality policyor is it the way of government in favour to interests of national parties dealing with people from ethnic minorities and black throughout all criminal justice stages?The constant over-representation of ethnic minorities, particularly black people inBritain’s prisons is a critical issue (Kimmett 2007, Morgan and Liebling 2007, Croall1998) as the prison population grows the number of prisoners from ethnic minoritygroups grow faster still. Alongside this high profile racial incidents in a number of Criminal Justice agencies, have also elevated prison racism to an issue of primaryimportance. (Cheliotis and Liebling, 2006)The racial discrimination within prisons cannot be analysed without taking intoaccount other factors existing outside the criminal justice system, which includesracial and cultural stereotyping, exclusion from job market and inadequate education(Kimmett 2007: 268, Welch 2007: 276, Carbone-Lopez 2005: 29) however this essaywill focus on prisons.
Hudson (2007) explained the difference between using ‘diverse’ and ‘difference’.Difference suggests difference from the standard case and implies hierarchy that oneof the qualities is dominant or superior to other which differs from it. Thus differencehas negative connotation unlike diversity which has a more positive or neutralconnotation. She emphasizes that politics and policies of criminalisation and crime are based on an ideology of difference rather than on acknowledgement of diversity.In criminology the importance and complexity of conceptualising race stretches far beyond the narrow definitions of lexicologists. It is connected with epistemologicaldifficulties and socio-political implications. A number of authors argue for the studyof race from an ontological perspective. Said (cited by Cheliotis and Liebling, 2006:286), for example, considers the long discourse of distinction between the West and