This Teacher’s Guide was produced to provide educators withinformation and activities to enhance the educational content of the exhibition, “Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation,”and the tour, African Americans in Air and Space. To schedule agroup visit, contact the Office of Tours and Scheduling at (202) 357-1400. For more information about education programs atthe Museum, contact Educational Services, National Air and SpaceMuseum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560-0305.
PROJECT MANAGER Clare Cuddy, National Air and Space MuseumRESEARCHER Alison C. MitchellWRITER Leslie O’Flahavan NATIONAL AIR AND SPACE MUSEUM ADVISORSVon D. Hardesty, Cathleen S. Lewis, Ted Robinson, curatorsEarl Brown, George (Hank) Henry, Paul Jaeger, Robert Kovalchik, Helen SomervilleTEACHER ADVISORSBarbara Adeboye, Kathleen Bragaw, Ellen Smith, Melissa Ennis, Arlington County Public Schools, Virginia; Phyllis Etzler, Fishback Creek Public Academy, Indianapolis, IndianaFIELD TESTBarbara Adeboye, Kathleen Bragaw, and their Seventh Gradestudents from Jefferson Middle School, Arlington County Public Schools, VirginiaEDITORSJo HinkelDavid RomanowskiDESIGN AND PRODUCTIONGroff Creative, Inc.COVER ARTWORK
“These Are Our Finest”
Tuskegee Airmen Artwork by Roy LaGroneCopyright 1994 Ester S. LaGrone. All Rights Reserved. Reproduced under license from Ester S.LaGroneINSIDE COVER ARTWORK
“The Magnificent Four”
Tuskegee Airmen Artwork by Roy LaGroneCopyright 1994 Ester S. LaGrone. All Rights Reserved. Reproduced under license from Ester S.LaGrone
Special thanks to Ester S. LaGrone, Bill Mauldin and Jeanne Mauldinfor their support; and to Alison Mitchell whose research brought thisguide to life.Copyright ©1999 Educational Services, National Air and SpaceMuseum, Smithsonian InstitutionThis publication is not for commercial sale. Except for individualclassroom use, no portion of this publication may be reproduced without written permission from the Smithsonian Institution.This publication is available online at http://www.nasm.si.edu.